Love has been proven to be the true religion. Without this all other things, regardless if they are usool or furoo, are worthless. They can only be of benefit to you if your foundation is the love of Ahlul Bayt (as). In reality this whole universe was created for love. Its end is also based upon love.
The purpose of the creation of the universe is revealed in this Hadith e Qudsi where Allah says, “I was a hidden treasure. I decided to be recognized. There fore, I created an essence.”
Allah says on another occasion, “O’Ahlul Bayt (as) of Muhammad (saw)! I created this whole universe in Your love. If it had not been for You, I would not have created anything.”
The purpose of creating this whole universe is the love of Ahlul Bayt (as). This universe is worthless without the love of Ahlul Bayt (as). We have looked at the beginning. Now let us look at the end and see what will decide whether one goes to jannah (paradise) or jahannum (hellfire).
Ameerul Momineen (as) says, “I will be standing at the door of jahannum (hell). I will ask it to catch this person because he was My enemy. And to leave that person because he was My lover in this world.” The jannah and jahannum will be divided upon the basis of love. Our beginning is love and our end will also be love. If someone from their beginning till their end is neglectful of the love of Ahlul Bayt (as), then he should know what his place is.
When it has been decided the center of the beginning and end is the love of Ahlul Bayt (as), it is our duty to make the love of Ahlul Bayt (as) the center of our life. We should only love those who love Ahlul Bayt (as) and hate those who are enemies of Ahlul Bayt (as). As Ameerul Momineen (as) said in “Mani ul Akhbar”, “Be friends to My friend even if he is the murderer of your father and brother. Be enemy of My enemy even if he is your father or brother.”
From our writing you can ascertain the importance of the value of love, but one can only love that which he recognizes. This recognition is called marifat.
Description of Marifat (recognition)
The description of marifat is to recognize one with those attributes which are only associated to him and not with any other. We will make you understand by this example. Suppose two people are standing. Both are wearing black dress. One is wearing white cap and other is wearing a red cap. Both are wearing the same dress, but their caps are different. If you want to call one of them, you will have to call him through such an attribute which is not present in the other. If you say “Oh Mr. Wearing Black Dress”, both of them will look at you.
Because they both are wearing black dress, but if you say “Oh Mr. Wearing White Cap”, then only that person who is wearing a white cap will look at you, not the other. This is marifat. So if you want to gain the marifat of Hz Muhammad (saw), then you cannot gain His marifat through those attributes which are common to all Masoomeen (as). You will gain His marifat through the seal of prophecy because He is the only one that has this attribute. There is no seal other than Him.
Importance of Marifat
How much you love another depends on how great your marifat of that person is. If a scholar dies who lives far away, then you will feel a little grief. If your neighbor dies, you will feel intense grief even if your neighbor is an ordinary person. The reason is you have no marifat of the scholar, but you have the marifat of your neighbor. Likewise, however the more marifat a person gains of Ahlul Bayt (as), the more he will love Them.
Because it is the desire of Allah that His slaves, servants, and the whole of creation should love Ahlul Bayt (as), then certainly we must love them fiercely. Ordinary love will not be acceptable to Allah. This is why Allah made this wajib (compulsory) upon His creation to gain the marifat of the Imam of their time. Our love for Ahlul Bayt (as) must reach its ultimate pinnacle.
Never consider marifat to be an ordinary act because religion, iman (faith), and the Day of Judgment are all completely dependent upon marifat. This is why RasoolAllah (saw) said, “Anyone who dies without gaining the marifat of the Imam of his time dies the death of an ignorant (jahil), kufr (disbeliever), and nifaq (hypocrite).” Now you can understand the importance of marifat that even if a person, who has prayed his whole life, fasts everyday, has performed hajj will die as a munafiq simply because he did not gain the marifat of the Imam of his time.
If someone asks you how marifat begins, the brief answer is it begins from three things; knowledge, deep reflection, and connecting with your Imam (as) through your heart. However much your knowledge increases, however much time you spend reflecting upon, and however much strong your connection with your Imam (as) is in your heart is how much your marifat will increase. When the marifat increases, your love automatically increases. This is the real purpose of your life. If you do not achieve this, then your whole life becomes worthless. Every passing moment should cause your love to increase. Because RasoolAllah (saw) did not ask for mohabbat (love) as the reward of His prophecy, He asked for muwaddah. Muwaddah is such a love which gets stuck in one’s heart in such a way that if this love is removed from your chest, then the heart will come out with it. In order to have such intense love, one must struggle intensely.
Even the smallest negligence in the marifat of Imam (as) can take one far from his purpose.
Every child must keep in his mind that azadari of Imam Hussain (as) is the life of the Shia religion, and a symbol of the Shia religion throughout the world. Gham e Hussain (as) (grief of Hussain as) is the right of His Holy Mother, Mistress of the Whole Universe, Syeda Fatima Zahra (sa). Even the smallest of negligence can destroy all you have gained. If Syeda (sa) becomes angry, then your place can only be jahannum. The greatest reason of Her anger is neglecting the azadari of Imam Hussain (as).
This is a very famous narration. When Imam Hussain (as) came into this world and RasoolAllah (saw) heard the news, He went to Syeda (as) with tears streaming from His eyes. Syeda (sa) asked,
“Father, are you not happy by the birth of Your Grandson (as)? RasoolAllah (saw) said, “My Beloved Daughter (sa), who can be more joyful than Me? I shed tears because My ummah (nation) will martyr My Grandson while He is thirsty on the plains the Karbala.” Syeda (sa) asked “Oh Father, will You be present at that time?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “No, My Beloved Daughter (sa), I will not be in this world.” Syeda (sa) asked, “Will Ali (as) be present?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “No, My Beloved Daughter (sa), Ali (as) will not be present at that time.” Then Syeda (sa) asked, “Will Hasan (as) be present there?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “No, My Beloved Daughter (sa), Hasan (as) will also not be present there.”
Then Syeda (sa) asked, “Will I be present at that time?” RasoolAllah (saw) replied, “No, My Beloved Daughter (sa), You will also not be present there.”
Upon hearing this, the heart of Syeda (sa) shattered with grief. Syeda (sa) asked Her Father, “Oh Father, then who will mourn My Hussain (as)?” RasoolAllah (saw) said, “Allah will create a nation whose elders will mourn over the elders of Hussain (as). Their youth will cry on the youth of Hussain (as). Their women will cry for the women of Hussain (as). Their children will cry for the children of Hussain (as).” Upon hearing this, Syeda (sa) became joyous, and said, “Then I promise I will not enter into jannah until every mourner of My Hussain (as) has entered into the jannah.”
We wrote this hadith to make you aware Allah named the nation He created for Syeda (sa) ‘Shia’. Their purpose is to mourn Imam Hussain (as). One who neglects this duty will destroy his whole life. It has been proven from Quran that the most wajib act is one which is done for the sake of Syeda (sa). Every sin can be forgiven, but the angering of Syeda (sa) will never be forgiven by Allah. Even if someone has crushed his forehead while performing acts of worship for Allah.
Rules of Azadari
If someone’s relative dies in this world, then he leaves aside all other matters, i.e. work, job, etc. and goes immediately to the home of the one who has died. His face shows his grief, and he gives his condolences to the family members of the one who has died. While he is there, his only concern is in his mourning. He does not pay any attention to any other matters. Now imagine who is closer to us than Imam Hussain (as)? How should we express our grief for Imam Hussain (as)? Is it according to the status of a momin to sit in the majalis of Imam Hussain (as) to discuss worldly matters or make jokes? Never. This is not according to the status of a momin. One who does this is not an azadar. He is one who is standing and watching only not one who is participating. Do you know who the Waris (inheritor) of Imam Hussain is (as)? Who is the one who will come and take the revenge of Imam Hussain (as)? Certainly He is the Imam of Our Times (ajf) who sheds tears of blood nonstop in His grief for Imam Hussain (as). Who can have this courage to behave with such non serious behavior in the gathering of Imam Zamana (ajf)? How can one leave the majalis of Imam Hussain (as) where Syeda (sa) Herself is present to go and perform any other wajibats (compulsory acts)? Only one who has no respect in his heart for Imam Hussain (as) and the Mother of Imam Hussain (as) can do such an act. According to him, the majalis of Imam Hussain (as) is simply a ritual. Children must understand all the wajibats are only wajib (compulsory) after reaching adulthood.
Gham e Hussain (as) is wajib (compulsory) upon children the same way it is wajib upon adults. According to the sayings of RasoolAllah (saw), the Shia children must mourn for the children of Imam Hussain (as) because this is the purpose of their creation. In regards to the rules of azadari, you must remember the saying of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) in which He says, “Cry on Imam Hussain (as) in the way an old mother cries over the dead body of her young son.”
You consistently hear this word. You also have heard about wilayat e Ali (as) from different scholars and your parents. Not a single principle of religion can be proven without the presence of wilayat; whether it is tawheed (oneness), adl (justice), nabuwiat (prophet hood), imamate, or qiyamat (day of judgment). The center of the religion is wilayat. One will remain kafir (disbeliever) until he understands what wilayat is. As Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said, “Wilayat is religion.”
Because wilayat is of such great importance, we thought we should inform you of a few certain things so that when you become an adult, you will not feel as if you are a stranger with this word.
What is wilayat?
The literal meaning of wilayat is to have full command/authority over another, but this explanation is incomplete.
Wilayat is a combination of three things. If only one of the three is missing, then it is an incomplete wilayat.
We will explain what wilayat is by using a very simple example so the true meaning of wilayat will become stuck in the minds of the youth.
A person’s job is making pots. Every intellect will agree that first of all he has to have the knowledge of how to make the pots. If he is unaware of the method of how to make pots, then he will never be able to make pots. Here the first condition is fulfilled, and he has full knowledge of how to make pots.
Now this person has knowledge, but he is paralyzed. His hands and legs are non functioning. In this case even though he has knowledge, he cannot do the work because he does not have the power/ability to do so. If he is not paralyzed, then he will be successful in his purpose, and the second condition will be fulfilled.
Now he has knowledge as well as power, but still he cannot make pots because he does not have command over the soil used for making pots. When he gains command over the soil for making pots, then all three conditions will be fulfilled, and he will be able to make pots.
We gave this simple example so you would be able to understand the initial aspects of wilayat. If we had given an illogical and very difficult example, then certainly it would be difficult for you to understand. A vast majority of people think wilayat is also a designation or title like nabuwiat (prophet hood) or imamate. This is a major misconception. If wilayat was a designation, Allah would never have called Himself ‘wali’ because He is the one who appoints others as prophets and imams. You must believe wilayat is not a designation. It is the highest level of authority and command.
We have given you the basic information regarding wilayat, but the most important thing is that giving life, death, rizq (sustenance), children, health, and help are all under the scope of wilayat. So the essence which is the absolute Wali of Allah (as), whose wilayat is the wilayat of Allah is the creator, the one who gives life, who gives death, who gives rizq (sustenance). Without this essence no one would be able to recognize Allah. That essence is our Moula Ameerul Momineen Ali (as) ibn Abi Talib (as) who is mahzer
(manifestation) of all the attributes of Allah. Our Moula (as) is our destination. We are His Shia. Whatever we ask, we ask it from Him. This is why we read Nade Ali (as) all the time.
True Nade Ali (as)
“O’Rasool (saw)! Call upon Ali (as) for all the wonders are revealed from Him. You will find Ali (as) to be Your helper in every hardship. All the sufferings and worries will be removed by the help of Ali (as). With the help of Ali (as)! With the help of Ali (as)! With the help of Ali (as)!”
You know very well every creation as a point of origin. If someone asks you, who conceived you? You will say your parents. If he asks again, who conceived your parents? You will reply, their parents. This process of question and answer will not finish until it reaches back to the beginning of creation. You have to believe in such an essence who is the creator of the whole universe, but has no creator.
The whole universe is dependent upon Him, but He is not dependent upon anyone. He is unique in His oneness. He is completely unlike any of His creation. If a single attribute of creation is found in Him, then He will also become a creation in need of a creator which is impossible. He cannot be compared. He is creator of all. There is no creator other than Him. This belief is called tawheed (oneness).
Hz Ameerul Momineen (as) said, “The beginning of religion is to gain the marifat of Allah.” It means before believing in tawheed, it is compulsory to gain the marifat of Allah. Unless and until we know who is that essence in which we believe and worship, our beliefs based upon ignorance are completely worthless. Believing in tawheed and worshiping blindly is like shooting an arrow in the dark. Concerning the marifat of Allah, every child is aware of the fact that every thing is recognized through its attributes. In the same way, Allah is recognized through His attributes. Every attribute of Allah is revealed through Masoomeen (as).
The only way of recognizing Allah is by recognizing Masoomeen (as). This is why Masoomeen (as) said, “Our marifat is the marifat of Allah.” Anyone who is negligent in the marifat of Muhammad (saw) wa Aal e Muhammad (as) has not recognized Allah. Such a person’s tawheed, beliefs, iman, acts, etc will be false. It should also be clear that mentioning any attribute of Allah other than through Masoomeen (as) is real shirk. We call Him through different attributes. For example, Khaliq (creator), Raziq (Sustainer), Ghaffar (All Forgiving), Alam (All Knowing), Qadir (Subduer). These attributes are Masoomeen (as) which act as a wasila (source) between us and Allah. It is not possible to believe in Allah and worship Him without recognizing the wasila (source). As Allah Himself has ordered us in Quran, “If you wish to consult with Allah, then you must find a specific wasila (source).” If we reach at this specific wasila, then we have reached Allah. This is the pure tawheed. When Masoomeen (as) were asked,
“What is the meaning of Allah being All Knowing and Subduer?” Masoomeen (as) replied,“It means Allah created such essence who is All Knowing and Subduer.” Without recognizing this essence, believing Allah is All Knowing and Subduer is absolutely worthless.
Allah has promised in Quran that every sin can be forgiven except for shirk.
So now it is wajib (compulsory) upon every momin to know what is shirk. It is not possible to get away from shirk if you do not understand what it is. The meaning of shirk is to include another in the attributes of Allah.
Believing Allah and His creation have the same attributes is called shirk fil safaat (shirk in attributes).
Believing the acts of Allah are done with the help of another is shirk fil fail (shirk in acts).
Believing there is another whom we should obey or believing there is another who has the same rights over us as Allah and believing their obedience is wajib (compulsory) upon us is shirk fil amr (shirk in obedience).
Every attribute of Allah is revealed through Muhammad (saw) wa Aal e Muhammad (as).
Every act which we associate to Allah is fulfilled through Masoomeen (as).
The orders of Allah and His obedience were revealed through Masoomeen (as). Therefore obedience to Them is the same as obedience to Allah.
The complete explanation of shirk is this:
“Believing Muhammad (saw) wa Aal e Muhammad (as) are human like us. The attributes, acts, and obedience of Allah can be revealed from other than Masoomeen (as).”
We have briefly explained the truth regarding shirk. As your knowledge and intellect grows, you will be able to look around yourself and inshaAllah will immediately recognize those who are practically committing shirk. I am sure in order to protect yourself from shirk you will keep yourself far from such people and places. InshaAllah.
Second basic belief of Shia religion is adl. The opposite of adl is zulm (oppression). The meaning of adl is to put everything in its correct place. For example, a cap can be worn on the head. So the cap will always be on one’s head even if it is very ordinary. The same way the place for shoes are one’s feet. It does not matter how expensive they are. They will always be on one’s feet. If someone acts against it, then it is called zulm (oppression). The belief of Shia is that Allah is adil (one who does justice). He can never be an oppressor. No attribute of oppression can be associated with Him because He is free from every fault.
If you look around the whole universe, you will see every thing is dependent upon adl. Allah has given every particle a particular place.
If a single particle changes its place slightly, then the whole system of the universe will be destroyed. The foundation of beliefs and acts is also adl. If you lower the status of Muhammad (saw) wa Aal e Muhammad (as) and give others a higher status than Them, this is the true zulm (oppression). If someone claims to be Shia and still does these acts, then in reality he is destroying the Shia religion.
Nabuwiat (prophet hood)
Allah wants to send ever lasting blessings upon His creation, but adl demands only those who prove to be deserving of such blessings will receive them. One who does not deserve cannot receive such blessings because it goes against adl. When one becomes deserving of the blessings of Allah, only then will he fulfill his purpose of creation. That is the love and marifat (recognition) of Ahlul Bayt (as). It is compulsory to consistently inform the whole of humanity what is their purpose of creation. In this way, they will not have any excuse. Allah Himself cannot come to the creation. Therefore He created representatives. As His representatives, They convey His message to His creation. This process is called nabuwiat (prophet hood), and the representatives are called prophets. We are the nation of Hz Muhammad Mustafa (saw) bin Abdullah (as) bin Hz Abdul Muttalib (as).
Description of Nabuwiat (prophet hood)
Naba is an Arabic word meaning ‘news’. The word ‘nabi’ is derived from naba.
A prophet is one who receives messages from Allah and then conveys those messages to the creation. Unless you understand naba, you cannot understand nabuwiat.
What is naba?
The explanation of this word can be found in Quran, Sura Naba ayah 1-3: Of what do they ask one another? About the great news, about which they differ?”
In Usool e Kafi, Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said, “That great news is wilayat of Ameerul Momineen (as).”
Imam Muhammad Baqir (as) said, “This ayah was revealed for Ameerul Momineen (as). Ameerul Momineen (as) use to say,”No ayah of Allah is greater than Me. No news is greater than Me.”
In order to explain this in clearer terms, we will mention a few hadiths. From these hadiths, you will be able to see the purpose of establishing the process of prophet hood was only for the introduction of Ahlul Bayt (as).
Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said, “Every prophet introduced Our marifat (recognition) and proved Our greatness over others.”
Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said, “Our wilayat is the wilayat of Allah. Allah sent every prophet with the condition of Our wilayat.”
Ameerul Momineen (as) said, “I am the one whom all the nations were ordered to obey.”
Imam Musa Kazim (as) said, “Allah has written in all the books of prophets regarding the wilayat e Ali (as).”
Our greatest proof is Sura Maida ayah 67. This ayah was revealed in Ghadir Khum. RasoolAllah (saw) fulfilled the orders of Allah by announcing the wilayat of Moula Ali (as) in the gathering of 124.000 companions. RasoolAllah (saw) raised the hands of Moula Ali (as) and said, “Mun kunto Moula o fahaza Aliyun Moula “. Whomsoever I am Moula (master) to Ali (as) is also Moula (master) to.
Quran says,”O Messenger! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered any of His message”.
You should remember the prophet hood of all prophets is dependent upon the prophet hood of our Prophet (saw). Our Prophet (saw)’s prophet hood is dependent upon the wilayat of Moula Ali (as).
Even though RasoolAllah (saw) had conveyed the whole religion to the people, if He had not announced the wilayat of Moula Ali (as), His prophet hood was in danger.
This ayah alone is enough proof that the only purpose of prophet hood was to introduce the wilayat of Moula Ali (as).
The most important principle of Shia religion is the belief in imamate. Because of this belief, Shia religion is recognized separately from other religions. Imamate is the greatest designation/title from all other designations. The wilayat of Allah is revealed from imamate.
The difference between nabi and imam
A prophet is one who shows the right path. Imam is one who takes you to the right path. This is the reason on the day of judgment all of humanity will be called with their Imams and not prophets. Allah has mentioned this in Sura Bani Israel ayah 71: “Remember that day when all of humanity will be called with their Imams.”
It is very important people recognize that Imam which is from Allah. If he chooses a false imam, then he will remain in jahannum for all of eternity. This is why RasoolAllah (saw) said, “One who dies without recognizing his Imam (who is from Allah) dies the death of jahil (ignorant), kafir (disbeliever), and nifaq (hypocrite).”