Airway Management



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Airway Management

From Bradys’ Emergency Care 10th Edition


1. Which coloration of the skin is a sign of inadequate breathing?

  1. Green

  2. Black

  3. Brown

  4. Gray

2. What position should the pressure regulator be in when preparing the oxygen delivery system?



  1. Closed

  2. Over

  3. Open

  4. Under

3. How often should oxygen cylinders be hydrostatically tested?



  1. 5 years

  2. 7 years

  3. 3 years

  4. 9 years

4. Which type of breathing is evidenced by a crowing sound?



  1. Adequate

  2. None

  3. Sufficient

  4. Inadequate

5. Which takes priority when treating a patient?



  1. Splinting

  2. Fluids

  3. Airway

  4. Immobilization

6. Which airway adjunct is an oral airway?



  1. Oropharyngeal

  2. Otopharyngeal

  3. Nasopharyngeal

  4. Antopharyngeal

7. What is the amount of air breathed in during each respiration called?

  1. Respiration volume

  2. Inhaled volume

  3. Minute volume

  4. Breath volume

8. What is the reduction of breathing to the point that it cannot support life?



  1. Respiratory attack

  2. Respiratory stroke

  3. Respiratory failure

  4. Respiratory arrest

9. What should be placed above the patient's head when positioning him for basic life support?



  1. Closer leg

  2. Distant leg

  3. Distant arm

  4. Closer arm

10. What is the point that breathing stops called?



  1. Respiratory attack

  2. Respiratory arrest

  3. Respiratory stroke

  4. Respiratory failure

11. What is used to lubricate the tubing of the nasopharyngeal airway?



  1. Water-based lubricant

  2. Vegetable oil

  3. Petroleum jelly

  4. Non-water-based lubricant

12. What should be done immediately after the oxygen delivery device is placed on the patient?



  1. Open the main valve

  2. Explain the need to the patient

  3. Adjust the flowmeter

  4. Secure the cylinder

13. How should the adjunct be removed from the patient's mouth?



  1. Rotate it 180 degrees to the left

  2. Rotate it 90 degrees to the left

  3. Follow anatomical curvature

  4. Pull it straight out of the mouth

14. What should be the last thing tried when the chest does not rise while performing one-rescuer BVM ventilation?



  1. Check for air escape

  2. Use an alternative method

  3. Reposition the head

  4. Check for airway obstruction

15. Which is a larger catheter size?



  1. 18 French

  2. 14 French

  3. 16 French

  4. 12 French

16. What is the second step taken when administering oxygen?



  1. Explain the need to the patient

  2. Place delivery device on the patient

  3. Open the main valve

  4. Secure the cylinder

17. How long should each breath be delivered to an adult with the pocket mask?



  1. 5 seconds

  2. 3 seconds

  3. 2 seconds

  4. 4 seconds

18. What causes most of the airway problems?



  1. Epiglottis

  2. Teeth

  3. Cheek

  4. Tongue

19. What shape should be formed around the ventilation port when performing one-rescuer bag-valve mask (BVM) ventilation?



  1. O

  2. T

  3. C

  4. L

20. Which type of airway adjunct rests in the pharynx?



  1. Oropharyngeal

  2. Antopharyngeal

  3. Otopharyngeal

  4. Nasopharyngeal

21. How many milliliters of air are required to be delivered to the patient per the American Heart Association?



    1. 2,000-2,400

    2. 700-1,000

    3. 500-900

    4. 1,000-1,600

22. Which position must the pressure-compensated flowmeter be placed in to be used?



    1. Perpendicular

    2. Laid down

    3. Diagonal

    4. Upright

23. How many respirations per minute should the bag valve mask be set to when treating an infant who is not breathing at all?



    1. 12

    2. 14

    3. 20

    4. 18

24. Which is useful for most portable units?



    1. Humidifier gauge valve

    2. Constant flow selector valve

    3. Bourdon gauge flowmeter

    4. Pressure-compensated flowmeter

25. Which part of the airway does the nasopharyngeal airway prevent blockage of?

    1. Middle

    2. Exterior

    3. Upper

    4. Lower

26. Which is a typical size of nasopharyngeal airway used on adults in the field?



    1. 22 French

    2. 28 French

    3. 26 French

    4. 24 French

27. What type of airway obstruction is indicated when inspirations are prolonged?



    1. Middle

    2. None

    3. Upper

    4. Lower

28. Which should be used when the patient is only able to speak 3 to 4 word sentences?



    1. Nonrebreather mask

    2. Bag-valve mask

    3. Nasal cannula

    4. Pocket face mask

29. What is the oxygen concentration of a nasal cannula?



    1. 24% to 44%

    2. 60% to 70%

    3. 80% to 90%

    4. 36% to 46%

30. What is the normal respiration rate of an adult?



    1. 12 to 20/minute

    2. 25 to 50/minute

    3. 18 to 40/minute

    4. 15 to 30/minute

31. Where is gentle pressure applied to tilt the patient's head back when performing the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver?



    1. Ears

    2. Bridge of nose

    3. Forehead

    4. Chin

32. What is the last step taken when preparing the oxygen delivery system?



    1. Attach tubing

    2. Remove plastic wrapper

    3. Align pins

    4. Tighten threaded outlet

33. Which sign would lead the EMT-B to start using assisted ventilation?



    1. Speaking 3 to 4 word sentences

    2. Speaking 5 to 6 word sentences

    3. Speaking 1 to 2 word sentences

    4. Speaking 7 to 8 word sentences

34. How long should the main valve be "cracked" when preparing the oxygen delivery system?



    1. 1 second

    2. 5 seconds

    3. 3 seconds

    4. 7 seconds

35. What percentage of oxygen is delivered with the flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device?



    1. 90%

    2. 80%

    3. 100%

    4. 70%

36. What can be used to clear a clog in the suction tubing?



    1. Bleach water

    2. Reverse suction control

    3. Clean, sterile water

    4. Grain alcohol solution

37. Which is considered a medical hazard of using oxygen therapy?



    1. Combustion

    2. Missile reaction

    3. Infant eye damage

    4. Oxygen deprivation

38. When should the bag be squeezed when performing artificial ventilation on a patient?



    1. With inhalation

    2. With exhalation

    3. Just before exhalation

    4. Just before inhalation

39. What is the minimum pressure reading that is considered safe for an oxygen cylinder?



    1. 50 psi

    2. 200 psi

    3. 150 psi

    4. 100 psi

40. Which position of the patient is most ideal when performing suctioning?



    1. Side

    2. Back

    3. Front

    4. Upright

41. What level of oxygen flow (liters per minute) is allowed from the bag-valve mask?



    1. 25

    2. 20

    3. 15

    4. 10

42. Which is NOT a difference of the pediatric patient and the adult patient in terms of airway management?



    1. Mouth and nose are smaller in infants

    2. Use of the diaphragm is greater in infants

    3. Trachea is softer in infants

    4. Always hyperextend the infant neck

43. What position is the head and neck placed in when performing artificial ventilation of a stoma breather?

  1. Flexed

  2. Head back

  3. Neutral

  4. Head forward

44. Which is the method of last resort?



    1. Pocket face mask with supplemental oxygen

    2. Single rescuer bag-valve mask

    3. Flow-restricted, oxygen powered ventilation device

    4. Two-rescuer bag-valve mask

45. What is the maximum amount of time that suctioning should take place in one session?



    1. 30 seconds

    2. 15 seconds

    3. 25 seconds

    4. 20 seconds

46. Which is NOT a sign of inadequate ventilation?



    1. Rate of ventilation is too fast

    2. Chest does not rise/fall with ventilations

    3. Heart rate begins to return to normal

    4. Rate of ventilation is too slow

47. When does the inspiratory pressure relief valve open on the flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device?



    1. 20 cm of water

    2. 80 cm of water

    3. 60 cm of water

    4. 40 cm of water

48. What should the label say on a cylinder of medical grade oxygen?



    1. Oxygen PAN

    2. Oxygen USP

    3. Oxygen MGO

    4. Oxygen AHA

49. Which two landmarks should be used to determine the correct size oropharyngeal airway to use?



    1. Front of chin and top of ear

    2. Top of nose and bottom of neck

    3. Corner of mouth and top of nose

    4. Corner of mouth and tip of earlobe

50. What is used to stabilize the patient's head when performing the jaw-thrust maneuver?



    1. Blankets

    2. Forearms

    3. Hands

    4. Towels

51. What must be available and ready for use when opening a patient's airway?



    1. Gauze pads

    2. Rebreather mask

    3. Long board

    4. Suction device

52. What is the minimum flow rate when using a nonrebreather mask?



    1. 8 liters per minute

    2. 12 liters per minute

    3. 14 liters per minute

    4. 10 liters per minute

53. Which direction should the bevel of the nasopharyngeal airway point when being inserted?



    1. Top of the nostril

    2. Right side of the nostril

    3. Rotated in 180 degrees

    4. Base of the nostril

54. How much of inhaled air rests in the anatomical dead space of the lungs?



    1. 10%

    2. 20%

    3. 40%

    4. 30%

55. When is the reservoir bag of the nonrebreather mask inflated?

    1. Before the mask is placed on the patient

    2. After the mask is placed on the patient

    3. While the mask is being placed on the patient

    4. It is not inflated at all when used

56. Where is the EMT-B located when performing the jaw-thrust maneuver relative to the patient?



    1. To the right of the head

    2. Top of the head

    3. Bottom of the head

    4. To the left of the head

57. How effective is CPR compared with normal circulation?



    1. 35% to 43%

    2. 25% to 33%

    3. 15% to 23%

    4. 45% to 53%

58. Which direction should the suctioning take place?



    1. On the way out

    2. In circular motions

    3. On the way in

    4. While inside

59. How many mL of air from each respiration is estimated to remain in the dead space of the lungs?



    1. 150

    2. 450

    3. 350

    4. 250

60. What is the preferred direction of the tip when inserting an oropharyngeal airway into an infant or child?



    1. Right

    2. Up

    3. Down

    4. Left

61. Which position should a patient be placed when performing airway evaluation?



    1. Prone

    2. Suspine

    3. Recovery

    4. Fowler's

62. How often should the bag be squeezed when performing bag-valve mask ventilations on an adult?



    1. Every 3 seconds

    2. Every 7 seconds

    3. Every 9 seconds

    4. Every 5 seconds

63. Which condition is an insufficiency of oxygen in the body's tissues?



    1. Hemophilia

    2. Cystitis

    3. Cirrhosis

    4. Hypoxia

64. Which maneuver provides the maximum opening of the airway?



    1. Jaw-thrust, chin-lift

    2. Jaw-thrust, head-lift

    3. Head-tilt, chin-lift

    4. Head-tilt, jaw-thrust

65. Which is the most popular suction tip in use today?



    1. Rigid pharyngeal

    2. Flexible nasogeal

    3. Rigid nasogeal

    4. Flexible pharyngeal

66. How much oxygen is delivered via mouth-to-mask ventilation without supplemental oxygen?



    1. 16%

    2. 22%

    3. 50%

    4. 45%

67. Which term is NOT used to describe the quality of respirations?



    1. Adequate

    2. Present

    3. Regular

    4. Equal

68. What is the minimum air intake of a suction unit that is needed to be effective?



    1. 30 liters per minute

    2. 50 liters per minute

    3. 40 liters per minute

    4. 60 liters per minute

69. What should be used to correctly position the pocket face mask?



    1. Side of the cheek

    2. Bridge of the nose

    3. Top of the lips

    4. Curve of the chin

70. What should the mask be placed over when performing artificial ventilation on a patient?



    1. Nose only

    2. Mouth only

    3. Mouth and nose

    4. Entire face

71. Which is a portable cylinder in use today?



    1. G cylinder

    2. E cylinder

    3. H cylinder

    4. F cylinder

72. Which nostril are most nasopharyngeal airways designed to be inserted into?



    1. Neither right not left

    2. Both right and left

    3. Right

    4. Left

73. What should be checked before administering oxygen from a cylinder?



    1. Level

    2. Date

    3. Label

    4. Color

74. What can reappear when a patient begins to regain consciousness that be troublesome when using an airway adjunct?



    1. Gag reflex

    2. Breath reflex

    3. Frustration

    4. Speaking ability

75. Where should the ventilation port be centered when performing ventilation with the bag-valve mask?



    1. Patients cheek

    2. Patients mouth

    3. Patients nose

    4. Patients chin

76. What is the blue coloration that results from lack of oxygen in the body?



    1. Carcinosis

    2. Ventilation

    3. Perfusion

    4. Cyanosis

77. What is the safe working pressure of the oxygen cylinder?



    1. 60 to 100 psi

    2. 40 to 80 psi

    3. 30 to 70 psi

    4. 50 to 90 psi

78. What is the maximum size of oxygen cylinder that allows the regulator to be secured to the cylinder valve assembly by a yoke assembly?



    1. F

    2. E

    3. H

    4. G

79. What is an airway that is open and clear?



    1. Sufficient

    2. Concealed

    3. Primed

    4. Patent

80. What is the valve that indicated the flow of oxygen in liters per minute?



    1. Administer

    2. Regulator

    3. Humidifier

    4. Flowmeter

81. Which direction should the tip of the airway be pointing when first inserting an oropharyngeal airway into an adult patient?



    1. Toward right cheek

    2. Toward left cheek

    3. Toward roof

    4. Toward tongue

82. How many rescuers should be used to perform bag-valve mask ventilations?



    1. 1

    2. 4

    3. 3

    4. 2

83. What is the maximum liters per minute of oxygen delivered by the nasal cannula?



    1. 8 to 10

    2. 4 to 6

    3. 2 to 4

    4. 6 to 8

84. What is the first thing that is done when discontinuing oxygen?



    1. Remove the delivery device

    2. Remove the delivery tubing

    3. Close the main valve

    4. Bleed the flowmeter

85. Which fingers are used to push the patient's jaw forward when performing the jaw-thrust maneuver?



    1. Pinky

    2. Ring

    3. Index

    4. Thumb


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