Additional bibliography for saints and relics in medieval art



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ADDITIONAL BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR SAINTS AND RELICS IN MEDIEVAL ART

This bibliography is divided into four sections: 1) reference sources on the cult of the saints

2) specific studies of saints and relics

3) general works about medieval art

4) general works about medieval history.

Many but not all of these works are on reserve in the Art Library.


I. REFERENCE SOURCES ON THE CULT OF THE SAINTS

all these books are on the reference shelf in the Art Library

Jacobus de Voragine, The Golden Legend Readings on the Saints, trans. William Granger Ryan, (Princeton, 1993). ---the key medieval compendium on medieval saints. Written in the 13th century, it should be your first stop on all research.

F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (London, 1963).

G. Duchet-Suchaux, M. Pastoreau, The Bible and the Saints, (Paris, 1994).

D. H. Farmer, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, (Oxford, 1982).

M. Rochelle, Post-Biblical Saints Art Index, (Jefferson, NC, 1994).


Foreign-language sources

---even if you don't read German or French, these alphabetically-arranged dictionaries are worth consulting for pictures and bibliography.

W. Braunfels, Lexikon der christlichen ikonographie, [Dictionary of Christian Iconography], vols. 5-8, Ikonographie der Heiligen, [Iconography of the Saints], (Rome, 1973-76).

L. Réau, Iconographie de l'art chrétien, vol. III, pts 1-3, (Paris, 1958-59).


II. SPECIFIC STUDIES OF SAINTS AND RELICS
On the cult of the saints:

Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints.

__________, “The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity,” in P. Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity, (Berkeley, 1982): 103-15.

Eric Kemp, Canonization and Authority in the Western Church, (Oxford, 1948).

Aviad M. Kleinberg, "Proving Sanctity: Selection and Authentication of Saints in the Later Middle Ages," Viator 20 (1989):

E. Rebillard, "The Cult of the Dead in Late Antiquity: Toward a new definition of the relation between the living and the dead," in Rome AD 300-800: Power and Symbol, Image and Reality (Rome, Bardi, 2003).

Andre Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages.

Benedicta Ward, Miracles and the Medieval Mind.

Stephen Wilson, ed., Saints and Their Cults: Studies in Religious Sociology, Folklore, and History (Cambridge, 1983).
Early Christian Churches and Saints:

R. Krautheimer, "Mensa-Coemeterium-Martyrium," Cahiers archéologiques 11 (1960), 15-40.


Miracles in Early Christian Art:

John Beckwith, The Andrews Diptych

Ellen Konowitz, "The Program of the Carrand Diptych," Art Bulletin (1984), 484-88.

Carolyn Joslin Watson, "The Program of the Brescia Casket," Gesta 20 (1981), 283-98.


On relics of the saints:

Denis Bethell, “The Making of a 12-c. Relic Collection,” in G. J. Cuming and D. Baker, Popular Belief and Practice, Studies in Church History no. 8, (Cambridge, 1972): 61-72.

Edina Bozóky, ed., Les reliques: objets, cultes, symboles, (Brussels, 1999).

A. P. Bagliani, "The Corpse in the Middle Ages: The problem of the Division of the Body," in J. Nelson, P. Linehan, The Mediaeval World.

E. Brown, “Death and the Human Body in the Later Middle Ages: The Legislation of Boniface VIII on the Division of the Corpse,” Viator 12 (1981): 221-70.

Peter Brown, “Relics and Social Status in the Age of Gregory of Tours,” in P. Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity, (Berkeley, 1982): 222-50.

Patrick Geary, Furta Sacra: Thefts of Relics in the Central Middle Ages.

__________, “Sacred Commodities: The Circulation of Medieval Relics,” in P. Geary, Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1994):194-220. (also in The Social Life of Things, Arjun Appadurai, ed..

Yitzak Hen, "Paganism and Superstition in the Time of Gregory of Tours: une question mal posée,” in K. Mitchell, I. Wood, eds., The World of Gregory of Tours, 2002.

Colin Morris, “A Critique of Popular Religion: Guibert de Nogent on The Relics of the Saints,” in G. J. Cuming and D. Baker, Popular Belief and Practice, Studies in Church History no. 8, (Cambridge, 1972): 55-60.

Lionel Rothkrug, "The 'Odour of Sanctity' and the Hebrew Origins of Christian Relic Veneration," Historical Reflections 8 (1981), 95-142.

Julia M. H. Smith, "Women at the Tomb: Access to Relic Shrines in the Early Middle Ages," in K. Mitchell, I. Wood, eds., The World of Gregory of Tours, 2002.

G. Snoek, Medieval Piety from Relics to the Eucharist: A process of mutual interaction, (Leiden, 1995).
Reliquaries and Altars:

D. Eichberger, "A Renaissance reliquary collection in Halle, and its illustrated inventories," Art Bulletin of Victoria, 37 (1996), 19-36.

L. V. Geresi, "A Liturgical Study of the Shrineof the Three Kings in Cologne," in C. Hourihane, ed., Objects, images and the word: art in the service of the liturgy, Princeton, 2003.

Thomas Head, "Art and Artifice in Ottonian Trier," Gesta 36 (1997):

J. Hubert and M.-C. Hubert, "Piété chrétienne ou paganisme? Les statues-reliquaires de l'europe carolingienne," in Christianizzazione ed organizzazione ecclesiastica delle campgane nell'alto medioevo: espansione e resistenze (Spoleto, 1982), 235-75.

T. Husband, ed., The Treasury of Basel Cathedral.

Scott Montgomery, "Mittite capud meum...ad matrem meum, ut osculetur eum: The Form and Meaning of the Reliquary Bust of St. Just," Gesta 36 (1997):

Elizabeth M. Tyler, ed., Treasure in the Medieval West.

H. van Os, The Way to Heaven: Relic Veneration in the Middle Ages, Amsterdam, 2000.

Erika Zwierlein-Diehl, , "'Interpretatio christiana': gems on the shrine of the Three Kings in Cologne," Studies in the History of Art (Washington, DC, 1997), 62-83.

Erik Thunø, “Golden altar of Sant' Ambrogio in Milan: image and materiality,” in Søren Kaspersen & Erik Thunø, eds., Decorating the Lord's table : on the dynamics between image and altar in the Middle Ages, Copenhagen, 2006.

Annika Elisabeth Fisher, “Cross altar and crucifix in Ottonian Cologne: past narrative, present ritual, future resurrection,” in Søren Kaspersen & Erik Thunø, eds., Decorating the Lord's table : on the dynamics between image and altar in the Middle Ages, Copenhagen, 2006.


Pilgrimage:

original accounts:



Egeria's Travels, John Wilkinson, trans., (3rd ed., Warminster, UK, 1999).

Saint Jerome, The Pilgrimage of Holy Paula.

Anon, The Bordeaux Pilgrim.

---all three recount late antique pilgrimages to the Holy Land

Theoderich, Guide to the Holy Land, trans. A. Stewart, 2nd ed. (NY, 1986).

---12th c. Guide, written by a German monk.


secondary literature:

Linda Davidson, M. Dunn-Wood, Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages: A Research Guide, (NY, 1993).

Barbara Abou-El-Haj, “The Audiences for the Medieval Cult of the Saints,” Gesta XXX (1991): 3-15.

G. Constable, “Opposition to Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages,” in Constable, Religious Life and Thought (11th-12th Centuries), (London, 1979): 125-46.

G. Frank, The Memory of the Eyes: Pilgrims to Living Saints in Christian Late Antiquity (Berkeley, 2000).

Patrick Geary, “The Saint and the Shrine: The Pilgrim’s Goal in the Middle Ages,” in P. Geary, Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1994): 163-76.

Cynthia Hahn, “Seeing and Believing: The Construction of Sanctity in Early-Medieval Saints’ Shrines,” Speculum 72 (1997): 1079-1106

E. D. Hunt, Holy Land Pilgrimages in the Later Roman Empire, A.D. 312-460, (Oxford, 1982).



L. I. Levine. ed, Jerusalem : its sanctity and centrality to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (NY, 1999), has:

G. Bowman, "'Mapping History's Redemption': Eschatology and Topography in the Itinerarium

burdigalense,"

B. Bitton-Ashkelony, "The Attitudes of Church Fathers toward Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries,"

M. Rosen-Ayalon, "Three Perspectives on Jerusalem: Jewish, Christian and Muslim Pilgrims in the

Twelfth Century."

R. Maniura, "Voting with their feet: art, pilgrimage and ratings in the Renaissance," in G. Neher, R. Shepherd, eds., Revaluing the Renaissance, 2000.

C. Morris, P. Roberts, eds., Pilgrimage: The English Experience from Becket to Bunyan.

Susan Signe Morrison, Women Pilgrims in Late Medieval England, (London, 2000).

B. Nilson, Cathedral Shrines of Medieval England, 2001.

Robert Ousterhout, ed., The Blessings of Pilgrimage, (Urbana, IL, 1990).

K. Rudy, “A guide to mental pilgrimage: Paris, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenale Ms. 212,” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 2000.

Barbara N. Sargent-Baur, ed., Journeys Toward God Pilgrimage and Crusade, (Kalamazoo, 1992).

Steven D. Sargent, "Miracle Books and Pilgrimage Shrines in Late Medieval Bavaria," Historical Reflections 13 (1986), 455-71.

Joseph Shatzmiller, "Jews, Pilgrimage, and the Christian Cult of Saints: Benjamin of Tudela and his Contemporaries," in After Rome's Fall Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History Essays Presented to Walter Goffart, ed. A. C. Murray (U of Toronto Press, 1998): 337-47.

Hagath Sivan, "Holy Land Pilgrimage and Western Audiences: Some Reflections on Egeria and her circle," Classical Quarterly 38 (1988), pp. 528-35.

J. Stopford, ed., Pilgrimage Explored.

Jonathan Sumption, Pilgrimage: An Image of Medieval Religion.

---has an excellent bibliography of original sources and studies published before 1975

Diana Webb, Pilgrims and Pilgrimage in the Medieval West, (London, 1999).

Diana Webb, Medieval European Pilgrimage, c. 700-c. 1500, (London, 2002).

J. Wilkinson, ed., Jerusalem Pilgrims before the Crusades, (Warminster, 1977).


pilgrim badges:

J. J. G. Alexander, Age of Chivalry, has a section on pilgrimage, with some badges reproduced.

Thomas A. Bredehof, “Literacy without Letters: Pilgrim Badges and Late Medieval Literate Ideology,” Viator, 2006.

D. Bruna, Enseignes de pelerinage et enseignes profanes, (Paris, Reunion des musées nationaux, 1996).

2711834050 (about $80.00)

A. M. Koldeweij, A. Willemsen, eds., Heilig en profaan: Laatmiddeleeuwse Insignes in cultuurhistorisch Perspectief, (Amsterdam, 1995).

A. M. Koldeweij, "Karel de Grote-souvenirs uit Aken," in J. B. Bedaux, ed., Annus quadriga mundi: Opstellen over middeleeuwse kunst (Utrecht, 1989), 116-28.

M. Mitchiner, Medieval Pilgrim and Secular Badges, (Sanderstead, 1986).

B. Spencer, Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, (London, Stationery Office, 1998).

H. J. E. van Beuningen, Heilig en profaan: 1000 Laatmiddeleeuwse insignes uit de Collectie H. J. E. van Beuningen, (Cothen, 1993).

www.medievalbadges.org, website for van Beuningen's collection.

further bibiliography available at http://www.lightlink.com/billy/bibliography.html


The Representation of Holy Places:

T. Buddensieg, "Le Coffret en ivoire de Pola, Saint-Pierre, et le Latran," Cahiers Archéologiques (10) 1959): 157-95.

W. Loerke, "'Real Presence' in Early Christian Art, in T. Verdon, ed., Monasticism and the Arts, (Syracuse, 1984): 29-51

J. Prawer, "Jerusalem in the Christian and Jewish Perspectives of the Early Middle Ages," Gli Ebrei nell'Alto Medioevo, (Settimane de studio del Centro di studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 26); Spoleto, 1980.

K. Weitzmann, "'Loca Sancta' and the Representational Arts of Palestine," Dumbarton Oaks Papers, XXVIII, (1974), 31-35.
Illustrated Saints’ Lives:

Barbara Abou-El-Haj, “Consecration and Investiture in the Life of St. Amand, Valenciennes, Bibl. Mun. MS. 502,” Art Bulletin, 61/3 (Sept. 1979): 342-358.

__________, The Medieval Cult of the Saints: Formations and Transformations.

---has an excellent bibliography.

__________, “Saint Cuthbert: The Post-Conquest Appropriation of an Anglo-Saxon Cult,” in P. Szarmach, ed., Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English prose saints’ lives and their contexts, (Albany, 1996): 177-206.

Malcolm Baker, “Medieval Illustrations of Bede’s Life of St. Cuthbert,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41 (1978): 16-49.

Magdalena Elizabeth Carrasco, “An Early Illustrated Manuscript of the Passion of St. Agatha (Paris, Bibl. Nat., MS lat 5594),” Gesta, 24/1 (1985): 19-32.

__________, “Notes on the Iconography of the Romanesque Illustrated Manuscript of the Life of St. Albinus of Angers,” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte (1984): 333-348.

__________, “Spirituality and Historicity in Pictorial Hagiography: Two Miracles by Saint Albinus of Angers,” Art History 12/1 (March, 1989): 1-21.

__________, “Spirituality in Context: The Romanesque Illustrated Life of St. Radegund of Poitiers (Poitiers, Bibl. Mun., MS 250),” Art Bulletin, 72/3 (Sept. 1990): 414-435.

Cynthia Hahn, “Peregrinatio et Natio: The Illustrated Life Edmund, King and Martyr,” Gesta 30 (1991): 161-80.

__________, “Picturing the Text: Narrative in the Life of the Saints,” Art History 13 (1990): 1-32.

Kimberly Kelly, "Forgery, Invention and Propaganda: Factors behind the Production of the Guthlac Roll (British Museum Harley Roll Y. 6)," Athanor, vol. VIII, 1-14.

Francis Wormald, “Some Illustrated Manuscripts of the Lives of the Saints,” in Wormald, Collected Studies, (London, 1984-88) vol. II: 43-56.


Virgin Mary:

Any research you do on Mary should start with her role in the Bible.

D. Ellington, From Sacred Body to Angelic Soul Understanding Mary in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, Washington, DC, 2001.

D. Flory, Marian Representations in the Miracle Tales of 13th-c. Spain and France, Washington, DC, 2001.

I. Forsyth, Throne of Wisdom.

P. S. Gold, The Lady and the Virgin: Image, Attitude and Experience in 12th-c. France, Chicago, 1985.

H. Graef, Mary: A History of Doctine and Devotion, NY, 1963.

---very thorough orthodox Catholic account.

J. Pelikan, Mary Through the Centuries Her Place in the History of Culture, New Haven, 1996.

Katherine A. Smith, “Bodies of Unsurpassed Beauty: “Living” Images of the Virgin in the High Middle Ages,” Viator, 2006

M. Warner, Alone of All Her Sex: The Myth and the Cult of the Virgin Mary, NY, 1976.

---feminist interpretation of the significance of Marian devotion


Saint Cuthbert:

Dominic Marner, St. Cuthbert: His Life and Cult in Medieval Durham, Toronto, 2000.

B. Abou-el-Haj, “Saint Cuthbert: The Post-Conquest Appropriation of an Anglo-Saxon Cult,” in P. Szarmach, ed., Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English prose saints’ lives and their contexts, (Albany, 1996): 177-206.

Barbara Abou-El-Haj, “The Audiences for the Medieval Cult of the Saints,” Gesta XXX (1991): 3-15.

Malcolm Baker, “Medieval Illustrations of Bede’s Life of St. Cuthbert,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41 (1978): 16-49.
Sainte Foy of Conques:

Pamela Sheingorn, The Book of Sainte Foy.

E. Dahl, “Heavenly Images: The Statue of St. Foy of Conques and the signification of the Medieval ‘Cult-Image’ in the West,” Acta ad archaeologiam et artium historiam pertinentia 8 (1978): 175-91.

Amy Remensnyder, "Legendary Treasure at Conques: Reliquaries and Imaginative Memory," Speculum 71 (1996).



Le Trésor de Conques, (Paris, Louvre, 2001).
Thomas Becket:

P. Binski, Becket's Crown: Art and Imagination in Gothic England, 1170-1300, Yale, 2004.

T. Borenius, St. Thomas Becket in Art.

C. de Hamel, "A contemporary miniature of Thomas Becket," in L. Smith and B. Ward, eds., Intellectual Life in the Middle Ages (London, 1992).

Richard Eales, “The Political Setting of the Becket Translation of 1220,” in D. Wood, ed., Martyrs and Martyrologies, Studies in Church History no. 30 (Oxford, 1993): 127-39

M. F. Hearn, on Canterbury cathedral, in Art Bulletin.

U. Nilgen, "Thomas Becket as a Patron of the Arts," Art History 3/4 (1980), 357-74.

U. Nilgen, article on Becket iconography in Memory and Oblivion.

B. Nilson, Cathedral Shrines of Medieval England, 2001.

M. Staunton, ed., The Lives of Thomas Becket, 2001.

anthology of medieval accounts of Becket's life and martyrdom.

Benedicta Ward, "Two letters relating to relics of St. Thomas of Canterbury," in L. Smith and B. Ward, eds., Intellectual Life in the Middle Ages (London, 1992).

C. Morris, P. Roberts, eds., Pilgrimage: The English Experience from Becket to Bunyan, has:

N. Vincent, "The pilgrimages of the Angevin kings of England, 1154-1272"

Richard Gameson, "The early imagery of Thomas Becket"

Tim Tatton-Brown, "Canterbury and the architecture of pilgrimage shrines in England"


Saint Denis:

Ingeborg Bähr, "Aussagen sur Funktion und sum Stellen­wert von Kunstwerken in einem Pariser Reliquienprozess des Jahres 1410," Wallraf-Richartz Jahrbuch 45 (1984): 41-57.

C. Beaune, The Birth of an Ideology, chapter on St. Denis's status

R. Bossuat, "Traditions populaires relatives au martyre et à la sépultre de saint Denis," Le Moyen Age 62 (1956): 479-509.

H. F. Delaborde, "Le procès de chef de saint Denis en 1410," Mémoires de la Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Ile-de-France 11 (1884): 297-409.

Spiegel, G. "The Cult of Saint Denis and Capetian Kingship," Journal of Medieval History 1 (1975): 43-69.


Saint Louis:

Cecilia Gaposchkin, “Boniface VIII, Philip the Fair, and the Sanctity of Louis IX” Journal of Medieval History, 29/1 (2003) 1-26.

Gerald B. Guest, "A Discourse on the Poor: The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux," Viator 26 (1995), pp. 153-80.

E. Hallam, "Philip the Fair and the Cult of Saint Louis," in S. Mews, ed., Religion and National Identity, (Oxford, 1982), 201-14.

Joan A. Holladay, "The Education of Jeanne d'Evreux: Personal Piety and Dynastic Salvation in Her Book of Hours at the Cloisters," Art History 17 (1994), pp. 585-611.

G. S. Wright, "The Tomb of Saint Louis," Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes (1971).


St. Francis:

William R. Cook, "Margarito d'Arrezzo's images of St. Francis: a different approach to chronology, "Arte cristiana 1995, vol. 83, 767, pp. 83-90.

A. Davidson, "Miracles of Bodily Transformation, or How St. Francis Received the Stigmata," in C. Jones, P. Galison, eds., Picturing Science, Producing Art, (NY, 1998).

E. Lunghi, "Francis of Assisi in Prayer before the Crucifix in account of the first biographers," in V. M. Schmidt, ed., Italian Panel Painting of the Duecento and Trecento, (New Haven and Washington DC, 2004?).

Richard C. Trexler, Naked Before the Father The Renunciation of Francis of Assisi (LA, 1989).

A. Vauchez, "Les stigmates de St. Francis et leur detracteurs dans les derniers siecles du moyen age," Melanges d'archeologie et d'histoire 80 (1968)



The Virtual Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, CD-Rom, Institute of Digital Theology, Saint Louis University, 2006.
Saint Catherine of Siena:

K. Christiansen, Painting in Renaissance Siena.

M. Meiss, Painting in Florence and Siena after the Black Death.

Emily Moerer, Catherine of Siena and the Use of Images in the Creation of a Saint, Ph. D. University of Virginia, 2003.

Emily Moerer, article on early images of Catherine in Gesta, 2006, no. 2.

K. Scott, "Mystical Death, Bodily Death: Catherine of Siena and Raymond of Capua on the Mystic's Encounter with God," in C. Mooney, ed., Gendered Voices: Medieval Saints and their interpreters, (Philadelphia, 1999), 136-67.


St. Wilgefortis:

I. Friesen, The Female Crucifixion: Images of St. Wilgefortis since the Middle Ages, (Waterloo, ONT, 2001).


Relics and miraculous images of Christ and Mary:

B. Baert, "The Gendered Visage: Facets of the vera icon," Jaarboek van het Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunst 2000, 10-43.

C. Hilles, "The Sacred Image and the Healing Touch: The Veronica in Julian of Norwich's 'Revelation of Love,'" Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 28/3 (Fall 1998), 553ff.

H. Kessler, ed., The Holy Face and the Paradox of Representation, (Bologna, 1998).

Flora Lewis, “The Veronica: Image, Legend, and Viewer,” from W. Ormrod, ed., England in the 13th Century: Proceedings of the 1984 Harlaxton Symposium, (Woodbridge, 1986): 100-106.

__________, “The Wound in Christ’s side and the Instruments of the Passion: Gendered Experience and Response,” Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor, Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence, (London and Toronto, 1996): 204-229.

R. Maniura, Pilgrimage to images in the fifteenth century : the origins of the cult of Our Lady of Czestochowa (Boydell, 2004).

Robert Maniura and Rupert Shepherd, eds., Presence : the inherence of the prototype within images and other objects (Burlington, VT : Ashgate, c2006).

R. Ousterhout, ed., Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana, IL, 1995).

I. Ragusa, "Mandylion-Sudarium: the translation of a Byzantine relic to Rome," Arte Medievale 1991, pp. 97-106.

Miri Rubin, “Desecration of the Host: the Birth of an Accusation,” in D. Wood, ed., Christianity and Judaism, Studies in Church History no. 29 (Oxford, 1992): 169-85.

Volker Schier and Corine Schleif, "Seeing and Singing, Touching and Tasting the Holy Lance The Power and Politics of Embodied Religious Experiences in Nuremberg, 1424-1524," in N. H. Petersen, et al., eds., Signs of Change, Transformations of Christian Tradition and their representation in the Arts, 1000-2000 (Amsterdam, 2004), pp. 401-26.

Erik Thunø and Gerhard Wolf, eds. The Miraculous Image in the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Rome: “L’Erma” di Bretschneider, 2004.

Jean C. Wilson, "Reflections of St. Luke's Hand: Icons and the Nature of Aura in the Burgundian Low Countries during the 15th Century, in R. Ousterhout, ed., Sacred Image East and West, (Urbana, IL, 1995).

G. Wolf, Mandylion: Intorno al Sacro Volto, da Bisanzio a Genova (Milan, 2004.)

Christopher Wood, "Ritual and the Virgin on the Column: The Cult of the Schöne Maria in Regensburg," Journal of Ritual Studies 6 (1992), 87-105.

Charles Zika, “Hosts, Processions and Pilgrimages: Controlling the Sacred in Fifteenth-Century Germany,” Past and Present 118 (Feb. 1988): 25-64.


Saint Anne:

V. Nixon, Mary's mother: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Europe.


Images of martyrdom:

Leslie Abend Callahan, "The Torture of Saint Apollonia: Deconstructing Fouquet's Martyrdom Stage," Studies in Iconography 16 (1994)

Marla Carlson, "Spectator Responses to an Image of Violence: Seeing Apollonia," Fifteenth-Century Studies 27 (2002), pp. 7-20.
Medieval Critics of the Cult of the Saints:

Saint Bernard, "A Justification to Abbot William" in C. Rudolph, The Things of Greater Importance, pp. 232-87, esp. 279-83.

---criticizes using luxurious churches and shrines to attract pilgrims and money

G. Constable, “Opposition to Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages,” in Constable, Religious Life and Thought (11th-12th Centuries), (London, 1979): 125-46.

Colin Morris, “A Critique of Popular Religion: Guibert de Nogent on The Relics of the Saints,” in G. J. Cuming and D. Baker, Popular Belief and Practice, Studies in Church History no. 8, (Cambridge, 1972): 55-60.
Humanists and Reformers on the Saints' cults:

D. Eichberger, "A Renaissance reliquary collection in Halle, and its illustrated inventories," Art Bulletin of Victoria, 37 (1996), 19-36.

Carlos M. N. Eire, War Against the Idols: The Reformation of Worship from Erasmus to Calvin, (Cambridge, 1986).

Philp M. Soergel, Wondrous in his Saints: Counter-Reformation Propaganda in Bavaria, (Berkeley, 1993).

D. M. Webb, "Sanctity and History: Antonio Agli and Humanist Hagiography," in P. Denley and C. Elam, eds., Florence and Italy: Renaissance Studies in Honour of Nicolai Rubenstein, (London, 1988), pp. 297-308.

J. M. Weiss, "Hagiography by German Humanists,, 1483-1516," Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 15 (1985), 299-316.


Saints in the Counter-reformation:

Simon Ditchfield, Liturgy, Sanctity and History in Tridentine Italy, (Cambridge, UK, 1995).

Philp M. Soergel, Wondrous in his Saints: Counter-Reformation Propaganda in Bavaria, (Berkeley, 1993).
Marian Piety in 16th-c. Spain:

William A. Christian, Apparitions in Late Medieval and Renaissance Spain, (Princeton, 1981).

William A. Christian, Local Religion in 16th-c. Spain, (Princeton, 1981).
The Virgin of Guadalupe:

D. A. Brading, Mexican Phoenix: Our Lady of Guadalupe: Image and Tradition, 1531-2000, (NY, 2001).

Jacques Lafaye, Quetzalcóatl and Guadalupe, (Chicago, 1976).

Amy Remensnyder is working on Mary's role in the Old World and the New.

Victor I. Stoichita, "Image and Apparition: Spanish Painting of the Golden Age and New World popular devotion," Res, (Fall, 1994), 32-46.

William B. Taylor, "The Virgin of Guadalupe in New Spain: an inquiry into the social history of Marian devotion," American Ethnologist, 14/1 (1987), pp. 9-33.

Victor and Edith Turner, "Mexican Pilgrimages: Myth and History," in V. and E. Turner, Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture, (New York, 1978), 40-104.
III. GENERAL WORKS ABOUT MEDIEVAL ART
Reference Books:

The Dictionary of Art. ART REF.

M. Brown, Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts. ART REF.


Survey Books of Medieval Art:

R. Calkins, Monuments of Medieval Art.

J. Snyder, Medieval Art.

M. Stokstad, Medieval Art. Has a useful glossary at the end.


Periodicals about Medieval Art:

Gesta--leading English-language journal of medieval art.

Simiolus--dedicated to Netherlandish art, with some important studies of late medieval/Early Renaissance works

Studies in Iconography--beginning to publish some good studies of medieval art

Art Bulletin--principal American periodical of art history, regularly publishes studies of medieval art

Art History--important British periodical; regularly publishes studies of medieval art
Guides to Medieval Christian Iconography:

L. Réau, Iconographie de l'art chrétien, Paris, 1955.

G. Schiller, Iconography of Christian Art, London, 1971.
Documentary and Literary Sources about Medieval Art:

C. Mango, Art of the Byzantine Empire 312-1453.

C. Davis-Weyer, Early Medieval Art 300-1150.

T. G. Frisch, Gothic Art 1140-c. 1450 Sources and Documents.

W. Stechow, Northern Renaissance Art 1400-1600 Sources and Documents.

---Stechow used to teach at Oberlin, and the Museum’s Print Study room is named after him.


Websites:

www.manuscripts.org.uk


Medieval Art in the United States:

Several American museums have good collections of medieval art. Among the best are: Dumbarton Oaks, in Washington, DC; the Walters Art Gallery in Baltimore; the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, and the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. If you visit any of these cities, be sure to see the medieval art in their museums.

The greatest concentration of medieval art in the United States is in New York; if you visit, you should be sure to see the Metropolitan Museum, its medieval branch uptown at The Cloisters, and the Morgan Library, which boasts the finest manuscript collection in America. The Metropolitan Museum of Art has published three general guides to the medieval works in their collections which you might wish to consult before or after your visit.

A Walk through the Cloisters.

Europe in the Middle Ages, New York, 1987.

The Renaissance in the North, New York, 1987.
IV. GENERAL BOOKS ABOUT MEDIEVAL HISTORY

The Dictionary of the Middle Ages.

multi-volume guide to all things medieval, with a good index and bibliography for individual entries. available in Mudd.

Marcia Colish, Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400, New Haven, 1997.

---complete survey of medieval intellectual history.

C. Warren Hollister, Medieval Europe A Short History, New York, 1982.

---lively text, with suggested further readings.

Maurice Keen, The Pelican History of Medieval Europe, London, 1968.

---a solid discussion of Europe in the years between 800 and 1500.

Jean Leclercq, The Love of Learning and the Desire for God A Study of Monastic Culture.

---major study of medieval monasticism.

Richard Southern, The Making of the Middle Ages, New Haven and London, 1953.

---classic description of medieval civilization from c. 900 to c. 1200.



Periodicals of medieval history:

Speculum--principal American periodical for medieval history, packed with reviews of recent books. If you’d like a critical response to a book you’ve read, check here.

The Medieval Review--available on the WWW, reviews recent works in medieval studies

http://www.hti.umich.edu/b/bmr/tmr.html


Atlases and Maps:

H. Kinder and W. Hilgemann, The Anchor Atlas of World History, vol. 1, From the Stone Age to the Eve of the French Revolution.

D. Matthew, Atlas of Medieval Europe.

F. van der Meer, Atlas of the Early Christian World.



C. McEvredy, Penguin Atlas of Medieval History.







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