Throughout the Human Body Systems course, you will explore the many functions of the skeletal system. Bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons are all types of connective tissue that support your frame. The human skeleton is a wonder of design and engineering. It is incredibly strong and affords us great protection, but it is also incredibly light, giving us a great range of mobility. As you go on to explore the human body, knowledge of bone names will help you navigate the world of muscles and joints as well as other body systems.
Before you learn about the role bones play in identifying who you are, you must learn to identify the major bones of the body. As you worked to create the face of your Maniken®, you learned about the bones and bony landmarks of the skull. In this activity, you will work with a partner to identify key bones in the rest of the skeletal system and complete a series of tasks to “tour” the human skeleton.
Computer with Internet access
Anatomy in Clay® Maniken®
Body system graphic organizer (Skeletal View)
Reference textbook (optional)
Get a graphic organizer and label it - Skeletal System. You will work with a partner to complete a series of tasks in a Skeleton Scavenger Hunt.
Use reference textbooks, the websites listed below, or other reliable Internet sources you might find to explore the human skeletal system.
Human Anatomy Online http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html
Bones: Tissues and Types – The University of British Columbia http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/~biomania/tutorial/bonesk/outline.htm
Using your prior knowledge and information you find on the computer, label and identify the following bones. In PENCIL write the identifying number of each bone on the Maniken® in the correct place that represents the location of the bone. Then write the corresponding number and bone name on your graphic organizer
Vertebral Column (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx)
When you are finished labeling your Maniken® and you are comfortable with the location of each of the bones, trade models with another group.
Take out a sheet of paper and number the left hand side with the numbers the group has added in today’s activity.
From memory, write the appropriate bone name next to each number.
After you list out all the bones (you may need to refer to ta book for help) work with your partner to complete the following tasks/questions. You may need to do additional research. Refer to the websites listed in Step 2.
Draw sutures on the skull.(look them up, yes, do research!):
List the number of vertebrae in each section of the vertebral column. Find each section on your Maniken®
Show the divisions of the three parts of the sternum on your Maniken® and list their names below. (look it up)
We refer to many bones of the human skeleton by common names rather than by the scientific term. Write an alternate name for the
Shade only the floating ribs lightly with your pencil.
Draw a star on the lateral edge of the clavicle. Remember your directional terms?
How many bones do you have in one of your hands (including your wrist)? Explain your answer.
You did not label the smallest bones of the body on your model. What are they named and where are these bones found?
Which bone(s) of the human body differ in males and females? Explain the difference.
On the list of bones from Step 3, (found on the Skeletal System organizer) write AP next to a bone if it is part of the appendicular skeleton and AX next to a bone if it is part of the axial skeleton.
Complete the conclusion questions.
Why are there sutures on the human skull? What does this tell you about the actual structure of the skull?
What is the difference between a true rib, a false rib and a floating rib?
A man was in a car accident and fractured cervical vertebrae, his femur and his 5th metatarsal. Explain his injuries to a “non-science” person.
What are five (5) main functions of the human skeletal system?