Act I tattered toy



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John Osbourne

Look Back in Anger



Vocabulary


ACT I

tattered toy

old and torn; in bad condition

oblong window

used to describe any shape that is longer than it is wide

sturdy table

(of an object) strong and not easily damaged = ROBUST

shabby armchairs

in poor condition because they have been used a lot

disconcert

to make sb feel anxious, confused or embarrassed

cheerful malice

a feeling of hatred for sb that causes a desire to harm them

freebooting cruelty

gratuitous behaviour that causes pain or suffering to others

importunate

asking for things many times in a way that is annoying

alienate

to make sb less friendly or sympathetic towards you

blistering honesty

very critical; honesty of a sort which can hurt people’s feeling

loudmouth

a person who is annoying because they talk too loudly or too much in an offensive or stupid way

vehement

showing very strong feelings, especially anger

non-committal

not giving an opinion;

creased trousers




lethargy

the state of not having any energy or enthusiasm for doing things

self-taught

samouk

to exact sth

to demand and get sth from sb

counterpoint

=polyphony

a pleasing or interesting contrast

elusive personality

difficult to find, define, or achieve

grubby

rather dirty

well-bred malaise

refined way of feeling unease in the midst of this noisy and unruly houshold

oddity

a person or thing that is strange or unusual

equivocation

not clear and is intended to hide the truth

thud

a sound which is made when a heavy object hits sth else

ruffian

a violent man; uncouth, uneducated person

self-indulgence

allowing yourself to have or do things that you like, too much/often

potful




posh papers

used by people from a high social class

guzzle

to drink sth quickly and in large amounts







subscription

money given as a donation

class distinctions

clear difference or contrast between classes

(wickedly) foster

to encourage sth to develop

yobs

unruly boys/young men

sloth

apathy, laziness

drive sb round the bend

make sb go crazy

pursuit

~ of sth the act of looking for or trying to find sth

sprawl

to sit or lie with your arms and legs spread out in a relaxed or awkward way

nudge

to push sb gently in order to get their attention

dreary

that makes you feel sad; dull and not interesting

vague

not clear

blooming droning

terrible,monotonous voice

well-bred commonplaces

polite cliches

bowler hat

hard, formal hat

plunder

to steal things from a place

sanctuary

safety and protection

groin

where the legs join at the top

sycophantic

servil

phlegmatic

apathetic; calm

pusillanimous

frightened to take risks; COWARDLY

non-attachment

non-involvement

timid

shy and nervous; not brave

hoarse

sounding harsh

contort

to become twisted or make sth twisted out of its natural or normal shape

tug

pull

obtain(able)

to get sth, especially by making an effort

clatter

knock together and make a loud noise

gristle

a hard substance in meat that is unpleasant to eat

fluff

to do sth badly or to fail at sth

ingenious

having a lot of clever new ideas and good at inventing things

obcsene

connected with sex in a way that most people find offensive



ACT II

intermittent bursts

not regularly stopping and starting often over a period of time (SPORADIC);

a short period of a particular activity or that often starts suddenly



luxuriant

rich in sth that is pleasant

judicial expression of alertness

expression a judge might make as he listens to evidence in a court of law

eminently

very; extremely

exalted

of high rank, position or great importance

strain

worry / anxiety / tension

colander

cedilo

inhibit

to prevent sth from happening or make it happen less frequently

allegiances

loyalties, principles

subtly

not noticably or obviously

brawl

to take part in a noisy and violent fight

constituents

a person who lives, and can vote in a constituency

squeamish

easily upset by unpleasant sights or situations

savage

fierce and violent

ruthless

hard and cruel; determined to get what you want and not caring if you hurt other people

raid

a surprise visit

gatecrash

to go to a party or social event without being invited

well-bred

having good manners; (high social class)

despise

to dislike and have no respect for sb/sth

plunder

to steal things

revel

to enjoy sth very much

invader

an army that enters another country by force to take control of it

irritable

getting annoyed easily

contempt

the feeling that sb/sth is without value and deserves no respect at all

glisten

to shine

frail

weak

howl

to make a long, loud cry

outrage

a strong feeling of shock and anger

astonishment

very great surprise

dread

to be very afraid of sth

anticipate

to expect sth

train of thought

the connected series of thoughts that are in your head at a particular time

blank

showing no feeling, understanding or interest

dumb

stupid







mutter

to speak or say sth in a quiet voice

spinster

a woman who is not married

hostility

unfriendly or aggressive feelings or behaviour

meringue

a small cake

vicious

violent and cruel = BRUTAL

unpleasant

not kind, friendly or polite

tiresome

making you feel annoyed

affliction

pain and suffering or sth that causes it

feeble

very weak; not effective; not showing determination or energy

endure

to experience and deal with sth that is painful or unpleasant, especially without complaining = BEAR

onslaught

a strong or violent attack

charger

a horse that a soldier or KNIGHT rode in battle in the past

bellow

to shout in a loud deep voice, especially because you are angry

pledge to

a serious promise

flabby

fat; weak

matelot

sailor

caparisoned

in the past a caparisoned horse or other animal was one covered with a decorated cloth

spurt

a sudden increase in activity or emotion for a short period of time

gasp

be gasping (for sth): to want or need sth very badly

purgative

a substance, especially a medicine, that causes your bowels to empty

purgatory

any place or state of suffering

loathing

a strong feeling of hatred

tranquil(lity)

quiet and peacefu

plot

to make a secret plan to harm sb

villain

the main bad character in a story

vindictive

trying to harm or upset sb, or showing that you want to, because you think that they have harmed you

expediency

an action that is useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right; tactical

lusting for

to feel an extremely strong, especially sexual, desire for sb/sth

slaughter

the cruel killing of large numbers of people at one time = MASSACRE

registrar

a person whose job is to keep official records, especially of births, marriages and deaths


ACT III.

immerse in

to become or make sb completely involved in sth

unpremeditated

not planned in advance

pompous

pretentious

invocations

the act of asking for help

depraved

morally bad = WICKED, EVIL

indulge in sth

to take part in an activity, especially one that is illegal

illicit

not allowed by the law = ILLEGAL

grafted sth (onto sth)

to make one idea, system, etc. become part of another one

cockerel

a young male chicken

hatpin

a long pin, especially in the past, used for fastening a hat to your hair

effigy

a statue of a famous person, a saint or a god

cochineal

a bright red substance used to give colour to food

braces

straps for holding trousers/pants up

defensive

behaving in a way that shows that you feel that people are criticizing you

parson

an Anglican VICAR or PARISH priest

kindliness

being kind

strum

play a guitar or similar instrument by moving your fingers up and down across the strings

stooge

a performer in a show whose role is to appear silly so that the other performers can make jokes about him or her

geld

CASTRATE

menage

all the people who live together in one house = HOUSEHOLD

grapple

to take a firm hold of sb/sth and struggle with them

supreme

very great

topple

to become unsteady and fall down

scruffy

dirty or untidy

ungroomed




inglorious

causing feelings of shame

wryly

showing that you are both amused and disappointed or annoyed

frown

to make a serious, angry or worried expression (mrščiti se)

preside

lead or be in charge of a meeting, ceremony, etc

stir

to make sb excited or make them feel sth strongly

opponent

a person that you are playing or fighting against

victorious

having won a victory

heartily

with obvious enjoyment and enthusiasm







tiddly

slightly drunk

lecherously




stun

to surprise or shock sb so much that they cannot think clearly or speak

suspend

to hang sth from sth else

remote

far away from places where other people live = ISOLATED

consent

agreement about sth

detest

to hate sb/sth very much

macabre

unpleasant and strange because connected with death and frightening things

reproach

to blame or criticize sb for sth that they have done or not done, because you are disappointed in them

over-emphatic

making it very clear what you mean by using forceful language

futile

having no purpose because there is no chance of success = POINTLESS

utterly

absolutely

henchwoman

loyal supporter or trusty servant

ghastly

ill/sick or upset

relish

enjoy

solemn

looking very serious

virility

strength or energy

weakling

a person who is not physically strong

fatigue

a feeling of being extremely tired

snug

warm, comfortable and protected, especially from the cold = COSY

soppy

silly and SENTIMENTAL; full of unnecessary emotion

steel traps

a piece of equipment for catching animals


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