Abdomen mcqs Regarding divisions of anterior abdominal wall



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ABDOMEN MCQs


  1. Regarding divisions of anterior abdominal wall:

  1. Midclavicular line joins the midpoint of clavicle to the midpoint of inguinal ligament. – mid clavicular point to mid inguinal point – between the ASIS and pubic symphysis (not PT)

  2. Intertubercular plane joins the ischial tuberosities. – transtubercular via iliac tubercles

  3. Transpyloric plane lies at the lowest costal margin. – subcostal plane, the transpyloric is through 9th

  4. All of the above is false. <-

  5. All of the above is true.




  1. Regarding inguinal ligament:

  1. It attaches to anterior superior iliac spine & pubic tubercle <- it does, and is like a flexor retinacula for the hip. Some medial fibers follow other courses though (pectineal and lacunar ligs)

  2. It is the lower rolled in aponeurotic edge of internal oblique. – external oblique

  3. It attaches to fascia lata. <- correct also

  4. Inguinal canal occupies the whole length inguinal ligament. – no, internal ring is superior to the middle

  5. All of the above.




  1. Regarding the rectus sheath:

  1. It lies wholly anterior to rectus abdominis between the costal margin & the arcuate line.

  2. It encloses the rectus abdominis between the costal margin & the arcuate line.

  3. The arcuate (semicircular) line is the lower free margin of internal oblique

  4. Semilunar line is the blood less groove which internal oblique aponeurosis splits to enclose rectus abdominis

  5. All of the above




  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding anterior abdominal wall?

  1. Neurovascular plane lies between the internal oblique & transversus abdominis layers

  2. Anterior cutaneous nerve is the branch of posterior intercostal nerve (T7-11).

  3. External oblique is supplied by the lateral cutaneous branch of posterior intercostal nerve (T7-11).

  4. Anastomosis of superior & inferior epigastric artery represents the communication between the internal thoracic & external iliac arteries

  5. Lymph nodes lie within the neurovascular plane.




  1. Melanoma on the left iliac fossa may spread to:

  1. pectoral lymph nodes

  2. medial group of inguinal lymph nodes

  3. lateral group of inguinal lymph nodes

  4. external iliac lymph nodes

  5. mediastinal lymph nodes




  1. Regarding inguinal canal, which of the following is INCORRECT?

  1. Internal oblique & transversus abdominis form its anterior wall, roof & posterior wall.

  2. The floor is made up of lacunar & pectineal ligaments.

  3. The conjoint tendon lies laterally within the posterior wall.

  4. Deep inguinal ring lies at midpoint of inguinal ligament.

  5. Inferior epigastric artery lies medial to deep inguinal ring.




  1. Which of the following is NOT a content of the spermatic cord?

  1. Ilioinguinal nerve

  2. Pampiniform plexus

  3. Genital branch of genito-femoral nerve

  4. Vas deferens

  5. Cremasteric artery




  1. The triangle of Hesselbach is NOT bounded by”

  1. Inferior epigastric artery

  2. Rectus abdominis

  3. Inguinal ligament

  4. Semicirular line

  5. All of the above




  1. Lymphatics of the testis drains to:

  1. medial group of inguinal lymph nodes

  2. lateral group of inguinal lymph nodes

  3. para-aortic lymph nodes

  4. external iliac lymph nodes

  5. internal iliac lymph nodes




  1. Regarding epididymis, the following is FALSE?

  1. It lies on the postero-lateral surface of testis

  2. It is enclosed within the tunica albuginea

  3. Vas deferens lies medial to it

  4. It is surrounded by tunica vaginalis

  5. It is supplied by the testicular artery




  1. The following does NOT supply the testis:

  1. T10 segment of spinal cord

  2. Sympathetic nerves along the testicular artery

  3. Efferent fibers synapsing at the coeliac ganglion

  4. Parasympathetic supply from the sacral plexus

  5. All of the above




  1. Regarding the transpyloric plane:

  1. It is at the level of 9th costal cartilage.

  2. The fundus of the gall bladder lies beneath the transection point between the right semilunar line & the transpyloric plane.

  3. The body of stomach lies beneath the transection point between the left semilunar line & transpyloric plane

  4. It is at the level where the spinal cord ends at the conus medullaris

  5. All of the above




  1. At the transpyloric plane:

  1. Inferior mesenteric artery is given off at the aorta

  2. The supracolic compartment is divided from the infracolic compartment

  3. It is the level of the hila of kidney

  4. The splenic vein travels behind the pancreas

  5. All of the above




  1. Regarding the peritoneal folds of the anterior abdominal wall, the following is INCORRECT:

  1. Falciform ligament contains the obliterated left umbilical vein

  2. Median umbilical fold contains the obliterated right umbilical vein

  3. Medial umbilical ligament contain the obliterated umbilical artery

  4. Lateral umbilical fold contains the inferior epigastric vessels

  5. All of the above




  1. The lesser sac does NOT have:

  1. stomach & lesser omentum as its anterior wall

  2. caudate lobe of liver as its roof

  3. pancreas as its inferior boundary

  4. inferior vena cava & aorta as its posterior wall

  5. all of the above




  1. Epiploic foramen is NOT bounded by:

  1. 2nd part of duodenum

  2. caudate process of liver

  3. inferior vena cava

  4. portal vein

  5. none of the above




  1. Hepatorenal pouch:

  1. is the lowest part of the abdominal cavity in supine position

  2. its anterior relation includes the liver

  3. its inferior relation includes the right kidney

  4. all of the above

  5. none of the above




  1. The root of the mesentery does NOT:

  1. Begins at the duodeno-jejunal junction at the L2 level

  2. cross the 2nd part of duodenum

  3. is about 15cm long.

  4. Crosses the aorta, inferior vena cava & the right ureter

  5. Is supplied by the coeliac axis.




  1. The apex of sigmoid mesocolon is the landmark for:

  1. Bifurication of the left common iliac artery

  2. Left sacroiliac joint

  3. Left ureter crosses the pelvic brim

  4. Inferior mesenteric artery crosses the pelvic brim

  5. All of the above




  1. Which of the following are NOT considered part of the foregut?

  1. Liver

  2. Pancreas

  3. Kidneys

  4. Spleen

  5. 1st part of duodenum




  1. Branches of coeliac axis does NOT include

  1. splenic artery

  2. common hepatic artery

  3. left gastric artery

  4. right gastric artery

  5. all of the above




  1. In the free edge of lesser omentum:

  1. common hepatic artery lies to the right of the bile duct

  2. portal vein lies posteriorly

  3. it forms the posterior border of epiploic foramen

  4. all of the above

  5. none of the above




  1. Splenic vein does NOT drain:

  1. inferior mesenteric vein in front of the left crus of diaphragm

  2. short gastric vein at the hilum of spleen.

  3. Left gastroepiploic vein at the hilum of spleen.

  4. Superior mesenteric vein

  5. Tributaries from tail, body & neck of pancreas




  1. Superior mesenteric artery:

  1. arise from L3 level

  2. terminates at the splenic flexure

  3. is clapsed between left renal vein & portal vein at its origin

  4. lies superior to 2nd part of duodenum

  5. gives off the superior pancreatico-duodenal artery.




  1. Oesophagus projects through the diaphragm at the level of:

  1. T8

  2. 6th costal cartilage

  3. T10

  4. 8th costal cartilage

  5. T12




  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the stomach?

  1. Pylorus lies to the right of midline at L1 level

  2. Fundus is part of the stomach below the level of cardia

  3. Angular notch (incisura angularis) is the part of stomach between the body & the pylorus

  4. Prepyloric vein do not have an acompanying artery

  5. Nerve supply is from anterior & posterior vagal trunks




  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the duodenum?

  1. it is not wholly retroperitoneal

  2. the 2nd part is 2 inches long

  3. it is wholly supplied by the coeliac axis

  4. gall bladder touches the upper convexity of the duodenal cap

  5. 3rd part of duodenum is clasped between the superior & inferior mesenteric artery at their origins




  1. Duodenal cap receives blood supply from :

  1. common hepatic artery

  2. right gastric artery

  3. gastroduodenal artery

  4. superior pancreatico-duodenal artery

  5. all of the above




  1. Sympathetic supply to small intestine is from the spinal cord segments:

  1. T7-8

  2. T9-10

  3. T11-12

  4. None of the above

  5. All of the above



  1. Posterior relation of caecum include the following EXCEPT:

  1. appendix

  2. psoas fascia

  3. iliacus

  4. femoral nerve

  5. femoral artery




  1. Appendix does NOT:

  1. open into the postero-medial wall of caecum 2cm below the ileocaecal valve

  2. has 3 taeniae coli converges onto its origin

  3. is marked by a point 1/3 way down a line joining umbilicus to ASIS

  4. its artery is an end artery

  5. all of the above




  1. Which of the following regarding the colon is FALSE?

  1. the longest part is transverse colon

  2. diverticulosis is most common in the descending colon

  3. transverse colon is connected to the stomach by gastrocolic omentum

  4. it is characterized by the presence of taniae coli & appendice epiploicae

  5. transverse mesocolon attaches from left renal hilum to right renal hilum




  1. Nerve supply to the colon include:

  1. parasympathetic supply from the vagus

  2. parasympathetic supply from pelvic splanchnic

  3. sympathetic supply to T10-L2

  4. all of the above

  5. none of the above




  1. The porta hepatis does NOT contain:

  1. hepatic vein

  2. hepatic artery

  3. portal vein

  4. bile duct

  5. hepatic nodes




  1. Caudate lobe of the liver lies between the following structures EXCEPT:

  1. lesser omentum

  2. ligamentum teres

  3. inferior vena cava

  4. porta hepatis

  5. ligamentum venosum




  1. Bare area of the liver lies between the following structures EXCEPT:

  1. upper leaf of coronary ligament

  2. lower leaf of coronary ligament

  3. inferior vena cava

  4. porta hepatis




  1. The most anterior structure in the porta hepatis is:

  1. hepatic vein

  2. bile duct

  3. hepatic artery

  4. portal vein

  5. IVC




  1. Upper border of liver reaches on the right side at:

  1. 4th rib

  2. 4th intercostal space

  3. 5th rib

  4. 5th intercostal space

  5. 6th rib




  1. Hartmann’s pouch of gallbladder is located at:

  1. Fundus of gallbladder

  2. Junction of the fundus & the body of gallbladder

  3. Junction of the body & the neck of gallbladder

  4. Junction of the neck of gallbladder & cystic duct.

  5. None of the above




  1. Anterior relations of gallbladder include the following EXCEPT:

  1. Left lobe of liver

  2. Duodenum

  3. Transverse colon

  4. All of the above

  5. None of the above




  1. Major blood supply to common bile duct is from:

  1. Hepatic artery

  2. Gastroduodenal artery

  3. Cystic artery

  4. Cystic artery

  5. Superior pancreatico-duodenal artery

  6. Inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery




  1. Biliary tract pain can be felt in the following dermatomal area:

  1. C3-5

  2. T7-10

  3. T9-10

  4. T10-L1

  5. None of the above




  1. Head of pancreas:

  1. lies at L1 level

  2. is sypplied by the splenic artery

  3. is anterior to IVC at the level where L& R renal veins are given off

  4. Its uncinate process lies superior to the superior mesenteric artery

  5. All its lymphatics drain directly to coeliac nodes.




  1. The following regarding the spleen is FALSE:

  1. It lies between 7th to 9th rib

  2. It needs to be twice the size before it projects beyond the costal margin

  3. Its enlargement is in the direction of line of 10th rib

  4. Enlarged spleen lies posterior to splenic flexure

  5. It has no parasympathetic supply.




  1. Regarding quadratus lumborum, the following is FALSE:

  1. it is supplied by T12 – L4 n roots.

  2. Thickening of its fascia formed the lateral arcuate ligament

  3. It lies in the posterior compartment of lumbar fascia

  4. Subcostal neurovascular bundle passes beneath the lateral arcuate ligament

  5. All of the above

46.Which of the following is FALSE?



  1. Common iliac arteries arise from abdominal aorta at the level of L4

  2. Inferior mesenteric artery arises from abdominal aorta at the level of L3

  3. Renal arteries arise from abdominal aorta at the level of L2

  4. Gonadal arteries arise from abdominal aorta at the level of L3

  5. Suprarenal arteries arise from abdominal aorta at the level of L1




  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding ilioinguinal nerve?

  1. It is a collateral branch of iliohypogastric nerve

  2. It only supplies the skin.

  3. It pierces the external spermatic fascia in the inguinal canal

  4. It supplies the anterior 1/3 of scrotum, root of penis & upper medial groin areas.

  5. It contains L1 anterior rami fibers.

  1. L genitofemoral nerve’s anterior relations does NOT include:

  1. L ureter

  2. L gonadal vessels

  3. Ileocolic artery

  4. Inferior mesenteric vein

  5. All of the above




  1. The following regarding the kidney is FALSE:

  1. Renal artery is the most posterior structure the hilum of kidney

  2. Renal fascia & perinephric fat serves as stabilising factors of the kidney

  3. L renal hila lies just below the transpyloric plane

  4. Costodiaphragmetic pleura lies posterior to the upper poles of both kidneys

  5. Its lymphatics drains to L2 para-aortic lymph nodes.




  1. Arterial supply of ureter does NOT include:

  1. renal artery

  2. gonadal artery

  3. middle rectal artery

  4. external iliac artery

  5. inferior vesical artery




  1. Rectum:

  1. begins at S3 & ends at the anorectal junction 3 cm above the cutaneous margin of anus

  2. its immediate anterior relation is rectovesical pouch in male & pouch of Douglas in female

  3. at its lower border, the ureter lies immediately lateral to it

  4. superior rectal artery forms the main blood supply

  5. all of the above




  1. Which of the following structure is NOT normally palpable in rectal examination?

  1. Sacrum

  2. Ischial spine

  3. Anorectal ring

  4. Seminal vesicles

  5. Cervix




  1. Which of the following structures do NOT drain to the internal iliac lymph nodes?

  1. ovaries

  2. fallopian tubes

  3. uterus

  4. vagina

  5. cervix




  1. Posterior division of internal iliac artery does NOT include:

  1. superior gluteal branch

  2. iliolumbar branch

  3. lateral sacral branch

  4. superior vesical branch

  5. all of the above




  1. At the pectinate line, there is communication between:

  1. superior & inferior rectal artery

  2. superior, middle & inferior rectal veins

  3. lymphatic drainage

  4. all of the above

  5. none of the above




  1. Sacro-iliac joint:

  1. is a synovial joint

  2. its articular surfaces is covered by hyaline cartilage

  3. bony congruence is an important factor of the stability of the joint

  4. it is weight bearing in the upright position

  5. all of the above

ANSWERS


  1. D 11. D 21. D 31. C 41. D 51. E

  2. C 12. E 22. B 32. B 42. B 52. D

  3. E 13. E 23. D 33. D 43. C 53. A

  4. E 14. B 24. C 34. A 44. D 54. C

  5. B 15. C 25. C 35. B 45. C 55. D

  6. C 16. A 26. B 36. D 46. D 56. A

  7. A 17. D 27. B 37. B 47. B

  8. D 18. B 28. E 38. C 48. C

  9. C 19. E 29. B 39. D 49. A

  10. B 20. C 30. E 40. A 50. D



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