A Coercion in sentence b Coercion in context



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Understand

Coercion in sentence






bncdoc.id B1Y David Lee's classification W_biography bncdoc.author Horne, Molly bncdoc.date 1989 bncdoc.title Life, love and laughter. bncdoc.info Life, love and laughter. Sample containing about 26711 words from a book (domain: leisure) Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals

I wonder if it is because the prevailing attitude to life in the Eighties in Britain seems to be to look after number one , to get on , to make money , and not to bother about anyone else ? I remember years ago , when I was teaching slow learners in a Child Guidance clinic , a little girl from a small village was reading a story in which reference was made to someone ` cheeking the dinner lady . ' To assess whether she was (tense) understanding what she read , I asked , ` Does that happen at your school ? ' She looked quite shocked and replied , ` Oh no ! It 's Mrs Thomas . ' I thought that was very significant : you may cheek a dinner lady , but you do n't do so to someone you know and respect . If we could get to know one another better , we might have better relationships generally . I do think the artificial division of people into age groups has a damaging effect on society .




bncdoc.id ED4 David Lee's classification W_pop_lore bncdoc.author bncdoc.date 1992-02 bncdoc.title Good Housekeeping. bncdoc.info Good Housekeeping. Sample containing about 50315 words from a periodical (domain: leisure) Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals

She could n't have cared less . She 's really tough . Now that school had broken up , Christine was able to devote six whole weeks to Anna . This time spent together , and the opportunity to give Anna her undivided attention , could well have been decisive . Parents of young children , with so many other calls on their time and affections , might find it harder to cope with a difficult infant , to integrate her or him into the family -- while resentful siblings could cause additional strain . ` I took her to Anglesey , ' says Christine , ` where we have a house , and where I could concentrate on her completely . Then I explained every single thing we did , or used , or saw , to her . I did n't know , until I began to get feedback , if she was (tense) understanding , but she was . And her speech increased rapidly . Within about 10 days she knew that when the phone rang at night it would be Tony , despite never having seen a phone before . ` She still clung to me , but the social worker was thrilled about it , she said it meant she 'd bonded well . I did everything I could think of with Anna .




bncdoc.id EV4 David Lee's classification W_ac_soc_science bncdoc.author bncdoc.date 1986 bncdoc.title Literacy. bncdoc.info Literacy. Sample containing about 40775 words from a book (domain: social science) Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals

Is cloze procedure an appropriate measure of comprehension ? In the 1960s , cloze procedure came to be seen by some researchers as the answer to many of the problems of validly measuring text difficulty . Bormuth 's landmark study ( 1969 ) seemed to offer the promise not only of more valid formulae which would incorporate the results of new insights in linguistics , but also a means of readily assessing whether a person was(tense) understanding a text or not . The mean percentage correct cloze score ( i.e. , the percentage of deleted words correctly replaced by the reader ) appeared to give an indication of how well a passage was understood . Thus , a cloze score of 60 per cent would indicate fairly full comprehension , 45 per cent would suggest some problems , while 35 per cent would suggest that a reader was at his or her frustration level . Recently , however , this view has been called into question .




bncdoc.id FPF David Lee's classification W_fict_prose bncdoc.author Neil, B bncdoc.date 1993 bncdoc.title The possession of Delia Sutherland. bncdoc.info The possession of Delia Sutherland. Sample containing about 43530 words from a book (domain: imaginative) Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals



I 'm not . You have n't given me enough time . ' ` No . I know . ' ` So . ' ` Do you want to know where I went ? ' ` To see friends ? ' He shook his head so I said , ` Well , it does n't matter . Not my business . ' ` I went to find a hooker , Mrs Sutherland . ' He watched my face while I touched the top of my head , patted the arms of the chair , folded my hands away in my lap . ` Well , people do , do n't they ? Men . ` Men have needs , ' that 's what Francis used to say . ` Needs ' . ` So have I , ' I used to say . But I do n't think we were(tense) understanding each other . ' ` So I checked into Park West , had dinner , got talking to the barman , said what I was after . He asked what I liked , dark , fair , black , white . It was like ordering in ; which I guess it was . He was serving other people all the while and making out we were talking about the Superbowl . Experience , I guess . ` I went back to my room and soon a girl came with flat blonde hair , sickly-looking . Very young .


Spoken

bncdoc.id FUH David Lee's classification S_classroom bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info Tutorial lesson: junior-level maths. Sample containing about 11759 words speech recorded in educational context Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken context-governed

There 's the half it 'd be the same as a half add a quarter . What does a half add a quarter come to ? Erm Well we usually change them into the same thing do n't we if we 're going to add them . So if we change them all into quarters how many quarters would there be in a half ? Two . Two . Two quarters add one quarter how many quarters altogether ? So three . Three quarters three quarters . Okay I think you 're doing very very well on the fractions actually how do you feel ? Do you think you know what they 're about do n't you . Yes . You 're getting the hang of it . Now you need quite a bit of practice . You 're understanding them now(a) very well erm if you do n't practise them a bit well this is what happens . You next time you come to do it you 'll be doing you 'll remember nearly as much as we 're doing today but perhaps some odd little bits you 'll think , ooh now how did we do that I ca n't quite work out . Cos we 've done a lot have n't we . We 've done a lot today . So some odd bits you might think , I 'm not quite sure how you work that out . Not quite sure how you do that . So you might have to try and a try and find out again . Play with the fractions .

bncdoc.id FUH David Lee's classification S_classroom bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info Tutorial lesson: junior-level maths. Sample containing about 11759 words speech recorded in educational context Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken context-governed

We 've done a lot today . So some odd bits you might think , I 'm not quite sure how you work that out . Not quite sure how you do that . So you might have to try and a try and find out again . Play with the fractions . Last night mister mister does those fractions Okay now some people you mention fractions and they scream and run and , Ah no no hate fractions . and it 's cos they do n't understand them but you 're understanding them I think very well now(a) so you 're going to like them . You get someone with a sharp knife Yeah . to cut that out . Mm . And then you can have your own fractions and you can just play with them and erm I 'll give you some sums to do with your own fractions . Now we we 'll have done some of them there and I do n't want you to look there okay I want you to just try it I 've got another book in me in me room .

bncdoc.id FUH David Lee's classification S_classroom bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info Tutorial lesson: junior-level maths. Sample containing about 11759 words speech recorded in educational context Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken context-governed

Mhm . and then just generally play with it say , Oh I wonder what would happen if you put two thirds together , how many twelfths would that be or what about if you had a third and you wanted to take a quarter away , if you cut a quarter off it . What would you have left ? A twelfth . Brilliant yes really good . She 's really coming on well Mm . with the fractions . You you like them do n't you cos you 're understanding them now(a) . It 's all about understanding if you understand something you can like it . Yeah . But if you do n't understand it and you 're lost you just get to hate it you think , Oh no I ca n't stand that . So it 's it 's getting but you 're coming along very well are n't you . I did n't bring the erm multiplication table that I promised either so I was late and I did n't bring that .

Change of meaning

Formal

bncdoc.id CEF David Lee's classification W_non_ac_soc_science bncdoc.author Davies, Philippa bncdoc.date 1991 bncdoc.title Status: what it is and how to achieve it. bncdoc.info Status: what it is and how to achieve it. Sample containing about 37485 words from a book (domain: belief and thought) Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals

They do this to make us feel that we are significant -- they are recognising the customer as an individual . The customer is made to feel that her or his status is acknowledged . Gentle reader , here are some counter-tactics . Jargon is an effective form of shorthand , provided everyone understands it . If you do n't understand what someone is describing , ask what they mean . It does n't have to sound confrontational ; contrast ` I do n't understand what you 're talking about ' ( sub-text : ` you are inept at talking ' ) with ` I 'm sorry I 'm so dim [ mock disclosure -- and quite appropriate in my opinion , given the indirect nature of conversation ] , but could you explain that to me again in plain English ? ' ( sub-text : ` I 'm not understanding you , so can you say it differently ? ' ) When , gentle reader , someone over-uses your name as a controlling tactic , a throwaway comment disguising an analysis of what is going on can be most effective : ` Gosh , it 's interesting how you call me by my Christian name so much ' ( sub-text : ` I 've rumbled you -- stop it ' ) .

ncdoc.id CK1 David Lee's classification W_ac_humanities_arts bncdoc.author Vesey, Godfrey bncdoc.date 1991 bncdoc.title Inner and outer: essays on a philosophical myth. bncdoc.info Inner and outer. Sample containing about 42431 words from a book (domain: belief and thought) Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Written books and periodicals

On second thoughts , it might be better to say that it goes without saying that linguistic communication is a matter of conveying ide as or thoughts . For when what goes without saying , especially the bit about translating thoughts into spoken or written signs and then back again , is actually said , it begins to lose its air of obviousness . In fact , it begins to look very much like a piece of a priori theorising about how language works . People may say that understanding something , as you are now understanding what I have written , involves interpretation , that is , translating something linguistic , a sentence , into something non-linguistic , a thought ; but they do not say it because they have found they actually have to do any such translating . Rather , they say it because they think it must be like that . It must be like that , they think , because what is said , or written' is not intrinsically meaningful . It is really just sounds in the air , or marks on paper .

IInII

bncdoc.id J2G David Lee's classification W_fict_prose bncdoc.author Leonard, Elmore bncdoc.date 1989 bncdoc.title Hombre. bncdoc.info Hombre. Sample containing about 11192 words from a book (domain: imaginative) Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1960-1974 Text type Written books and periodicals

" And horses . We would have to get four , six horses . " " All right , get them . " " But I could n't take responsibility for them , " Mr. Mendez said . " Now there are no change stations working . The same horses would have to go all the way . " Mr. Mendez shrugged . " If they do n't make it , who pays for them ? " " I buy the horses , " Dr. Favor said . Mr. Mendez started to nod , very slowly , as if he was just understanding something . You want to get there pretty bad , uh ? " " I have a feeling , " Dr. Favor said , " you 're going to find a driver . " He pushed up out of the chair , his eyes on Mr. Mendez . " If I went over to the hotel now and had supper , that would give you about an hour to find a man and get ready . Say six-thirty . " " Tonight ? " " Why not ? " " I 'll see , " Mr. Mendez said . "

Spoken

bncdoc.id FM5 David Lee's classification S_classroom bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info Tutorial lesson: GCSE chemistry tutoring session. Sample containing about 12889 words speech recorded in educational context Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken context-governed

Okay . So erm Yeah it 's well well at the end of the month . So have you got what 's what 's the best helps me to sort of see how the lesson 's going . Right . So that 's maths is it . How do you feel about last week 's ? Erm it was good , I made a lot of progress in it . . Compared to usual . Yeah . Yeah . That that 's how I felt , that you were getting into it , you were understanding how the bits tied together Yeah . and making sense of it . So you 're feeling happier with it ? Yeah a lot better . Okay . Erm what you done since last time ? Erm I did that work you asked me to do . Great . Great . And did it make sense ? Sort of yeah . I was a bit Okay .

bncdoc.id KCH David Lee's classification S_conv bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info 19 conversations recorded by `Jane2' (PS1BS) between 4 and 10 April 1992 with 7 interlocutors, totalling 6654 s-units, 37385 words, and over 4 hours 46 minutes 52 seconds of recordings. Text availability Worldwide rights cleared Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken demographic

There you are . Double add . Double add ? I 'm not used to double add . Five plus plus equals Equals Equals , equals ? Well this is a bit of a nonsense . What 's that ? One hundred plus plus Equals , equals . Equals , equals . Now it gets easier . Mhm . Now it gets really even harder . Well which way is it ? Does it get harder or easier ? Three hundred . Mm . Oh , three hundred and four . I , I 'm not understanding when you 're doing plus plus when you 're writing down yourself . What are you trying to prove ? Divide Mm . Well that 's , that 's , that 's very good for divide , but that 's a square root sign . A square root . A square root at three hundred and four ? Yes . Have n't a clue . Equals Equals now what do you want me to do with all these ? Guess . Oh I 'm guessing . Write your name at the top .

bncdoc.id KLX David Lee's classification S_meeting bncdoc.author bncdoc.date bncdoc.title bncdoc.info Careers service meeting. Sample containing about 10307 words speech recorded in business context Text availability Ownership has not been claimed Publication date 1985-1993 Text type Spoken context-governed

The three wise monkeys . They sit in a long line in York , yeah ? We do n't have to mention names . The one thing that No you do n't have to I 've seen them . does worry me and I do n't think any provisions have been done for it and that is Isobel . Right . And I think it would be very useful for her to have an appraisal . Oh yeah . I mean having great Oh yeah . difficulty in working out whether she 's understanding what we 've said now in the way of instructions until it comes back . But you 're down S to do her . So what sort of provision do you mean Cath ? taught her how to do . Write it down we 're supposed to do . Does she sign or not ? I 'm not sure Cos we could have somebody in to help that 's all I 'm thinking if she says yeah I 'm sure you could get something from Mm mm mm .
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