2010 Gwinnett County Certamen Championship



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2010 Gwinnett County Certamen Championship

Upper Level

Round: 1


TU#1: Distinguish in meaning between occidō and occīdō.
B1: Distinguish in meaning between lātus and latus.
B2: Distinguish in meaning between iecur and ichor.
TU#2: Derived from the Etruscan zelath, this Republican office originally replaced the power of the rex. The Latin term for this office translates generally to “magistrate,” and it was supplanted by the consulship. Name this office whose duties include acting as judge in court cases.

B1 and B2: For five points each, give the specific names for the praetor in charge of civil jurisdiction and for the praetor in charge of cases involving foreigners inside Rome.


TU#3: Listen to the following passage from one of Cicero's speeches, and answer the question which follows. I will read the passage twice:

et quamquam ā Quintō Hortensiō, clarissimō virō atque eloquentissimō,

causa est Publī Sestī perorāta, nihilque ab eō praetermissum est quod

aut prō rē publicā conquerēndum fuit aut prō reō disputāndum, tamen

adgrediar ad dicēndum, nē mea propugnatiō eī potissimum defuisse

videātur per quem est perfectum nē ceterīs cīvibus dēesset.

Here is the question: Who is Cicero defending in this speech?

B1: Why does Cicero mention Quintus Hortensius here?

B2: In what two ways does Cicero describe Hortensius?

TU#4: What woman received a cursed necklace made by Hephaestus as a gift for her wedding to King Cadmus of Thebes?

B1: What alternating king of Thebes inherited this necklace?

B2: To whom did Polynices give Harmonia’s necklace?
TU#5: Examples of what type of work, derived from the clothing worn by the main characters, include the Decius and the Brutus by Lucius Accius, and are used to describe history-based dramas?

B1: Give the related term for those Roman plays which were essentially translations of Greek New Comedy plays.

B2: Name the writer of such fabulae palliatae as Adelphi, Eunuchus, and Phormio.
TU#6: Using the deponent verb, give the imperative that would be found in the Latin translation of this sentence: “Kids, follow me.”

B1 and B2: While Latin literature abounds with imperatives, only rarely does the future imperative occur. For five points each, name the singular and plural imperatives of esse.


TU#7: Provide the Latin verb from which we get the English words conqueror, quest, inquire, and query.

B1: Now, provide the Latin verb form which we get querulous and

quarrel.

B2: Distinguish in meaning between quaero and queror.


TU#8: Translate this opening line from one of Martial's

epigrams, "Creta dedit magnum, maius dedit Africa nomen"

B1: Name one of the two famous Romans this line describes?
B2: Now translate this line from the same epigram, "et puer hoc dignus

nomine, Caesar, eras."

TU#9: This emperor, famously called dominus et deus by Statius, Suetonius, and Martial, erected many monuments throughout the city of Rome, including a giant statue of himself on horseback. Perhaps though, his statue should have depicted him alone in his palace stabbing flies with his reed pen.

B1: Although Domitian claimed Minerva as his patron goddess, he also actively cultivated the worship of this Egyptian deity of rebirth.

B2: The most common version of Domitian’s assassination in 96 AD has this servant stab him to death with a knife.

TU#10: This man was the reason for Daedalus’ exile to Crete. Transformed into a partridge after Daedalus tried to kill him in a fit of jealousy, was nephew of Daedalus was the inventor of the saw?

B1: Into what was Perdix changed by the gods in order to avoid a mortal death?

B2: What did Perdix make out of the spine of a fish?


TU#11: Where would one find the common Latin abbreviation s.v.?

a dictionary, a letter, a building, or praise hymnal?

B1: For what Latin phrase is s.v. short?

B2: What other phrase, used interchangeably with sub verbo/sub voce,

can s.v. also said to abbreviate?

TU#12: Before Vergil’s Aeneid, this man’s Annales, an eighteen book history of Rome, was the standard text for Roman school children. Name this veteran of the Second Punic War and prolific writer also of comedy and satire.

B1: What other writer of Satires is arguably more famous for his Odes and Epodes?

B2: Which of Horace’s works was recited by a choir of boys and girls for a one-time performance in 17 BC?

TU#13: Dixitque Deus, fiat lux. What mood is the verb fiat?

B1: What use of the subjunctive is found in that sentence?

B2: What use of the subjunctive is found in the sentence, Dicamus, ‘Ecce! Lux est!’.
TU#14: Who gave to Athena the head of Medusa to put on her shield?

B1: Who was Perseus’ mother?

B2: It is commonly known that Perseus rescued Andromeda from a sea monster, but do you also know the name of this fearsome seas serpent?

TU#15: Gaius Marius served as this man’s lieutenant during the Rome’s war with Jugurtha. After this victory, he became the leader of Marius’ opposition, arguing against Marius’ reforms to the army, and against the rise of the populares in general. Name this optimate who belonged to the plebeian gens Caecilia.

B1: Because of his triumph against Jugurtha in Numidia, Metellus earned this agnomen.

B2: Romans, and Marius, thanked this man for ending the conflict against Numidia, since he organized the capture and death of King Jugurtha.



OCCIDŌ = FALL/BE KILLED, OCCĪDŌ = KILL

SIDE, WIDE (indistinguishable pronunciation)

LIVER, FLUID
PRAETORship
PRAETOR URBANUS

PRAETOR PEREGRINUS

Publius SESTIUS

He has already given the OPENING STATEMENT / SPOKEN ON SESTIUS' BEHALF

VERY FAMOUS,

ELOQUENT/WELL-SPOKEN

HARMONIA

POLYNICES

ERIPHYLE

FABULA(E) PRAETEXTA(E)


FABULA(E) PALLIATA(E)

(Publius) TERENTIUS (Afer) / TERENCE


SEQUIMINI
ESTO and ESTOTE or

SUNTO and SUNTOTE

QUAERO, QUAERERE
QUEROR, QUERI
TO ASK, TO COMPLAIN
“CRETE GAVE (HIM) A GREAT NAME, AFRICA GAVE (HIM) A GREATER (NAME)”

SCIPIO AFRICANUS or Quintus Caecilius METELLUS

“AND YOU CAESAR WERE WORTHY OF THIS NAME AS A BOY”
DOMITIANus
ISIS
STEPHANUS / accept STEPHEN

PERDIX/TALOS/CALOS

PARTRIDGE
A SAW
DICTIONARY
SUB VERBO / SUB VOCE
SUB VERBO / SUB VOCE

ENNIUS


Quintus HORATIUS Flaccus / HORACE

CARMEN SAECULARE / SECULAR HYMN

SUBJUNCTIVE

JUSSIVE
HORTATORY


PERSEUS

DANAE
CETUS



Quintus Caecilius METELLUS Numidicus
NUMIDICUS
Lucius Cornelius SULLA Felix



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