191101. Renumbered as 197204 by Laws 1998, ch. 99, § 191102. Amended and renumbered as 198103 by Laws 1998, ch. 99, § 3



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1913405.  Limitations.
Any party state requested to render mutual aid or conduct exercises and training for mutual aid shall take the action necessary to provide and make available the resources covered by this compact in accordance with the terms hereof; provided that it is understood that the state rendering aid may withhold resources to the extent necessary to provide reasonable protection for that state. Each party state shall afford to the emergency forces of any party state, while operating within its state limits under the terms and conditions of this compact, the same powers (except that of arrest unless specifically authorized by the receiving state), duties, rights and privileges afforded forces of the state in which they are performing emergency services. Emergency forces will continue under the command and control of their regular leaders, but the organizational units will come under the operational control of the emergency services authorities of the state receiving assistance. These conditions may be activated, as needed, only subsequent to a declaration of a state of emergency or disaster by the governor of the party state that is to receive assistance or commencement of exercises or training for mutual aid and shall continue so long as the exercises or training for mutual aid are in progress, the state of emergency or disaster remains in effect or loaned resources remain in an official capacity in the receiving state, whichever is longer.
1913406.  Licenses and permits.
Whenever any person holds a license, certificate or other permit issued by any state party to the compact evidencing the meeting of qualifications for professional, mechanical or other skills, and when assistance is requested by the receiving party state, the person shall be deemed licensed, certified or permitted by the state requesting assistance to render aid involving the skill to meet a declared emergency or disaster, subject to limitations and conditions the governor of the requesting state may prescribe by executive order or otherwise.
1913407.  Liability.
Officers or employees of a party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be considered agents of the requesting state for tort liability and immunity purposes. Any party state or its officers or employees rendering aid in this state pursuant to this compact shall be liable for any act or omission on the part of the forces while so engaged or for the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith in accordance with the provisions of the Wyoming Governmental Claims Act.
1913408.  Supplementary agreements.
If it is probable that the pattern and detail of the machinery for mutual aid among two (2) or more states may differ from that among the states that are party hereto, this instrument contains elements of a broad base common to all states, and nothing herein contained shall preclude any state from entering into supplementary agreements with another state or affect any other agreements already in force between states. Supplementary agreements may comprehend, but shall not be limited to, provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, police, public utility, reconnaissance, welfare, transportation and communications personnel and equipment and supplies.
1913409.  Compensation.
Each party state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured members of the emergency forces of that state and representatives of deceased members of the forces in case the members sustain injuries or are killed while rendering aid pursuant to this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within their own state.
1913410.  Reimbursement.
Any party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be reimbursed by the party state receiving aid for any loss or damage to or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment and the provision of any service in answering a request for aid and for the costs incurred in connection with the requests; provided, that any aiding party state may assume in whole or in part the loss, damage, expense or other cost, or may loan the equipment or donate the services to the receiving party state without charge or cost; and provided further, that any two (2) or more party states may enter into supplementary agreements establishing a different allocation of costs among those states. Expenses under W.S. 1913409 shall not be reimbursable under this provision.
1913411.  Evacuation.
Plans for the orderly evacuation and interstate reception of portions of the civilian population as the result of any emergency or disaster of sufficient proportions to so warrant, shall be worked out and maintained between the party states and the emergency management services directors of the various jurisdictions where any type of incident requiring evacuations might occur. The plans shall be put into effect by request of the state from which evacuees come and shall include the manner of transporting the evacuees, the number of evacuees to be received in different areas, the manner in which food, clothing, housing and medical care will be provided, the registration of the evacuees, the providing of facilities for the notification of relatives or friends, and the forwarding of the evacuees to other areas or the importing of additional materials, supplies and all other relevant factors. The plans shall provide that the party state receiving evacuees and the party state from which the evacuees come shall mutually agree as to reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred in receiving and caring for the evacuees, for expenditures for transportation, food, clothing, medicines and medical care and like items. The expenditures shall be reimbursed as agreed by the party state from which the evacuees come. After the termination of the emergency or disaster, the party state from which the evacuees come shall assume the responsibility for the ultimate support of repatriation of the evacuees.
1913412.  Implementation.
(a)  This compact shall become operative immediately upon its enactment into law by any two (2) states; thereafter, this compact shall become effective for any other state upon its enactment by that state.
(b)  Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the same, but no withdrawal shall take effect until thirty (30) days after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to the governors of all other party states. The action shall not relieve the withdrawing state from obligations assumed hereunder prior to the effective date of withdrawal.
(c)  Duly authenticated copies of this compact and of supplementary agreements entered into shall, at the time of their approval, be deposited with each of the party states and with the federal department of homeland security and other appropriate agencies of the United States government.
1913413.  Validity.
This act shall be construed to effectuate the purposes stated in W.S. 1913402 hereof. If any provision of this compact is declared unconstitutional, or its applicability to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the constitutionality of the remainder of this act and its applicability to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected.
1913414.  Additional provisions.
Nothing in this compact shall authorize or permit the use of military force by the national guard of a state at any place outside that state in any emergency for which the president is authorized by law to call into federal service the militia, or for any purpose for which the use of the Army or the Air Force would in the absence of express statutory authorization be prohibited under Section 1385 of Title 18, United States Code.
CHAPTER 14

VETERANS
1914101.  Burial of indigents.


(a)  The board of county commissioners of each county shall provide for the preparation of the body and transmittal to and burial in the veteran's cemetery of any other than a dishonorably discharged veteran of the armed forces of the United States who served on behalf of the United States in any war or conflict as defined in section 101, title 38, United States Code and who dies leaving insufficient funds to defray the necessary funeral expenses. The amount expended for transporting the body shall not exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00).
(b)  Before assuming charge and expense for preparation and transmittal of the body and burial, each board of county commissioners shall first determine according to procedures they establish that the deceased veteran of the armed forces of the United States whose body they are called upon to bury served in the armed forces of the United States during World War II or any preceding war in which the United States was a party or during the Korean or Vietnam conflicts, was other than dishonorably discharged and died in the county leaving insufficient means to defray the necessary funeral expenses.
(c)  The county commissioners of each county, shall:
(i)  Keep a complete record of all the facts relating to any veteran of the armed forces of the United States who is buried in accordance with this section; and
(ii)  Draw a warrant on the treasurer of their county for the payment of the expenses out of the general funds of the county.
1914102.  Employment; preference in public departments or public works; qualifications and residence.
(a)  In every public department and upon all public works in Wyoming, members of the United States military establishment in any war or conflict as defined in section 101, title 38, United States Code, honorably discharged from service, and the widows of members during widowhood, shall be preferred for appointment or employment. Age or other physical impairment which does not in fact materially incapacitate shall not disqualify them from receiving preference if they possess the business capacity, competency, education or other qualifications for discharge of the duties required. If the disabilities do not materially interfere with performance of the duties, the disabled veterans or widows shall be given preference over employment of ablebodied veterans and widows. A veteran or widow who has not been a resident of the state of Wyoming for a period of one (1) year or more immediately preceding date for appointment or employment is not entitled to preference under this section and for municipal or county employment, no preference shall be granted unless the applicant under this section is a resident of the municipality or county in which employment is sought.
(b)  Each official or person having power of appointment in the public service is charged with the faithful compliance with the duties herein prescribed.
(c)  Whenever a veteran of any war or conflict as defined in section 101, title 38, United States Code, takes any examination under the merit system of Wyoming, the veteran shall be allowed a five (5) point advantage over any nonveteran competitor for the same position or proposed employment, and if the veteran has a service connected disability of ten percent (10%) or more the advantage given shall be ten (10) points. This section applies only to bona fide residents of Wyoming at the time of their entry into the armed service of the United States and who are at the time of taking the examination bona fide residents of Wyoming.
1914103.  Honorably discharged considered to be sui juris as to G.I. bill of rights.
Each person eighteen (18) years of age who receives an honorable discharge from the armed service of the United States after having served at least three (3) months in the armed services, shall be considered as having attained the age of majority in connection with all property and contractual rights and liabilities upon his obtaining the discharge. This section is applicable only to provisions of Public Law 346, statutesatlarge SeventyEighth Congress, 1944, second session.
1914104.  Recordation of discharges.
(a)  Each Wyoming county clerk shall record in his office without charge of any fee a certificate of discharge or other separation from service documents from any person who has served in the United States armed forces at any time, and who has been honorably discharged or relieved from active service.
(b)  All documents filed under this section on and after July 1, 2003, shall be kept confidential and shall be available only to the discharged person, that person's authorized agent, that person's dependents, the veterans' service officer, the Wyoming veteran's commission, a peace officer or by court order.
(c)  Any person who has recorded a certificate of discharge or other separation from service documents prior to July 1, 2003 may request that all filed documents which have not been commingled be transferred or rerecorded without charge of any fee and kept as a confidential file pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.
(d)  A county clerk shall, to the greatest extent practical, take appropriate protective actions in accordance with any limitations determined necessary by him with regard to records that were filed with or placed in storage by a county clerk prior to July 1, 2003.
(e)  Ten (10) years after the death of the veteran, or, if the date of death of the veteran is unknown, one hundred (100) years from the time of discharge or release from active service, the county clerk may transfer the documents filed under this section to a public archive.
1914105.  Use of pensions for support in state institutions prohibited; exception; penalty.
No state institution shall take any part of the pension of any war veteran for his support or maintenance except, in the case of a veteran who is or who may be confined in any charitable institution of Wyoming. The pension of the veteran in excess of four hundred twenty dollars ($420.00) per month may be used for support and maintenance if the veteran has no dependents. Any officer of a state institution or other person violating the provisions of this section upon conviction shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars ($100.00) nor more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00) for each offense.
1914106.  Free tuition and fees for education of war orphans and veterans; definitions.
(a)  As used in this section:
(i)  "Eligible person" includes the surviving spouse and dependent of any person who was a resident of Wyoming at the time of entering into active state service or active service with the military forces of the United States; and
(A)  Whose death was service connected, as defined in 81 Stat. 181, 38 U.S.C. 101, or is listed officially in the military records of the United States as being a prisoner of war or missing in action as a result of active state service or active service with the military forces of the United States; or
(B)  Who was honorably discharged from the military forces of the United States and thereafter died of an injury or disease incurred while in active state service or active service with such military forces, being a resident at the time of death.
(ii)  "Vietnam veteran" means any person who:
(A)  Was in active service with the military forces of the United States and received a Vietnam service medal between August 5, 1964 to May 7, 1975; and
(B)  Received a discharge from the military forces of the United States other than dishonorably; and
(C)  Has been a resident of Wyoming for not less than one (1) year.
(iii)  "Academic year" means the twelve (12) month period beginning with the commencement of the fall semester for the University of Wyoming and with the commencement of the summer semester for community colleges;
(iv)  "Combat veteran surviving spouse or dependent" means a person who is a surviving spouse or dependent of any overseas combat veteran or Vietnam veteran when the overseas combat veteran or Vietnam veteran was a resident of Wyoming for at least one (1) year prior to entering active service and the overseas combat veteran or Vietnam veteran died during active service. For purposes of this paragraph, a child is a combat dependent only if he was under twenty-two (22) years of age at the time his parent or legal guardian died in overseas combat during active service;
(v)  "Overseas combat veteran" means a person other than a Vietnam veteran who was a resident of Wyoming for at least one (1) year prior to entering into active service, who is an honorably discharged veteran who served in the military service of the United States and who was awarded the armed forces expeditionary medal or other authorized service or campaign medal indicating service to the United States in any armed conflict in a foreign country.
(b)  The state or any political educational subdivision shall provide free tuition, matriculation and other fees to all eligible persons who are residents of this state and who are attending or may attend any state institutions in elementary, secondary and college grades, business colleges, state vocational training schools or other educational institutions of this state where courses of instruction are provided in subjects which would tend to enable the eligible persons to engage in any useful trade, occupation or profession.
(c)  Repealed By Laws 2007, Ch. 91, § 3.
(d)  The community college commission shall reimburse the University of Wyoming and each community college for the costs of tuition and fees provided under this section. If insufficient funds are appropriated, the reimbursement shall be proportionally reduced based on tuition and fee expenses. The commission shall promulgate rules for the implementation of the free tuition and fees pursuant to subsections (f) through (k) of this section, including the reimbursement to the university and community colleges.
(e)  The community college commission shall include within its biennial budget request submitted under W.S. 921013 a report identifying the actions taken and monies expended pursuant to this act for each of the immediately preceding two (2) fiscal years.
(f)  Any person who is a Vietnam veteran, not presently receiving education benefits under the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, an overseas combat veteran, a combat veteran surviving spouse or a combat veteran dependent shall receive free tuition and fees for up to a total of ten (10) semesters of study at the University of Wyoming or any Wyoming community college. The University of Wyoming and all Wyoming community colleges shall cooperate to ensure that a total of not more than ten (10) semesters is provided under this section to any recipient. No person shall be eligible for the benefits provided under this section for any semester commencing more than eight (8) academic years after the semester in which the person initially receives benefits under this section. The institution in which the student enrolls shall grant exceptions to the requirements of this subsection for military service, religious service or other good cause shown, which exceptions shall be consistent with rules promulgated by the Wyoming department of education for the Hathaway scholarship program under W.S. 21161303(d).
(g)  In order to qualify for the benefit under this section, a person claiming eligibility as an overseas combat veteran, combat veteran surviving spouse or combat veteran dependent shall enroll at the University of Wyoming or a Wyoming community college. A combat veteran dependent shall be under twenty-two (22) years of age at the time of enrollment at the University of Wyoming or a Wyoming community college.
(i)  Repealed By Laws 2012, Ch. 92, § 2.
(ii)  Repealed By Laws 2012, Ch. 92, § 2.
(iii)  Repealed By Laws 2012, Ch. 92, § 2.
(h)  The institution in which the student enrolls shall grant exceptions to the requirements of this section for military service, religious service or other good cause shown, which exceptions shall be consistent with rules promulgated by the Wyoming department of education for the Hathaway scholarship program under W.S. 21161303(b)(iii)(B). There is no limitation as to when a Vietnam veteran not presently receiving education benefits under the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, may enroll and begin receiving benefits under this section. There also is no limit as to when an overseas combat veteran or combat veteran surviving spouse may enroll and begin receiving benefits under this section.
(j)  A person who had qualified for free tuition and fees under subsection (f) or (g) of this section, shall be deemed eligible for the free tuition and fees at any Wyoming community college or the University of Wyoming up to the maximum number of semesters of study allowed under subsection (a) of this section, if the person transfers to another institution specified in subsection (a) of this section.
(k)  To remain eligible for benefits under this section, by the end of the spring semester completing the student's third or fourth semester of attendance, the student shall have a cumulative grade point average of at least two point zero (2.0) and shall maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least two point zero (2.0) at the end of each subsequent spring semester to continue to receive the free tuition and fees.
1914107.  Creation of veterans' commission; composition; terms.
(a)  A Wyoming veterans' commission is created within the military department consisting of twelve (12) members, not less than one (1) of whom shall reside in each judicial district identified in W.S. 53101, appointed by the governor for staggered terms of three (3) years. Commencing with initial appointments made in 2005, four (4) members of the board shall be appointed for a term of one (1) year, four (4) members for a term of two (2) years and four (4) members for a term of three (3) years. Terms thereafter shall be three (3) years and staggered with one-third (1/3) of the members' terms expiring each year. Appointments shall be made without regard to political affiliation, sex, religion or ethnic background. The governor may remove any member as provided in W.S. 91202. A chairman shall be elected by the commission from among its members and a new chairman elected every two (2) years thereafter.
(b)  The commission shall meet at least once a year and at the call of the governor. Members shall be reimbursed according to W.S. 93102 and 93103 for per diem and travel expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.
(c)  The commission shall:
(i)  Study all federal and state legislation affecting veterans, their spouses, dependents and beneficiaries;
(ii)  Establish liaison with agencies dealing with veteran's affairs;
(iii)  Make recommendations to the legislature and to the governor concerning veterans;
(iv)  Adopt policies and procedures necessary to administer the veteran burial team account pursuant to W.S. 1914109;
(v)  Prepare, maintain and distribute information, by printed material or otherwise, to educate Wyoming veterans and their families regarding veterans' benefits, healthcare and disability claims, pension claims and other matters relevant to veteran status;
(vi)  Provide oversight and administrative services for the operation of any veterans' cemetery authorized by W.S. 1914108, including but not limited to establishing cemetery directors and advisory boards;
(vii)  Provide assistance to Wyoming veterans and their families for the filing and processing of veterans' benefits, veterans' healthcare benefits and United States Department of Veterans Affairs disability and pension claims;
(viii)  Administer all vehicle licensing and driver's licensing obligations required of the commission pursuant to title 31;
(ix)  Maintain and administer the veterans' commission expendable trust fund pursuant to rules and procedures which shall be promulgated by the commission and approved by the military department;
(x)  To the extent the employment of an executive director would aid in accomplishing the duties required by this section and benefit Wyoming veterans, appoint or retain an executive director for such period, upon such terms and conditions and for such compensation as the commission may deem appropriate. Any appointment shall be made with the approval of the adjutant general and the governor and shall be subject to the removal authority provided by W.S. 91202. An executive director may hire and supervise such other staff as may be authorized by the commission and shall be administratively supported by the military department;
(xi)  Perform such other and further tasks as are necessary to carry out the duties imposed by this section or as required by the legislature.
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