1. To learn about the Human Body and its functions



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Human Anatomy
Objectives

1. To learn about the Human Body and its functions.

2. To locate parts of the digestive system and see the system

in action.

3. To view and understand the mechanical functions of various human structural systems.
Introduction

The students will be given a prior lesson on the digestive system. The students will have discussed salivary glands, the mouth, teeth, trachea, esophagus, liver, stomach, spleen, gallbladder, the small and large intestine, and the appendix. The purpose of this simulation is to get the students to recognize the different parts of the digestive system and its function (grade 5). Students will view other human anatomical structures and their mechanical functions (grade 8).


The Human Body

  1. The students will be placed in groups of two and given a computer to work at.

  2. Each group will be given a sheet outlining the procedure.

Procedure



  1. Click on internet explorer

  2. Type in www.innerbody.com

  3. Click Human Anatomy (enter here)

  4. Select the picture of the digestive system body

  5. Use the cursor or mouse to locate the following body parts and click on each on. Read some of the information on each body part.

(A) salivary glands- parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual gland, (B) mouth, (C) teeth, (D) trachea, (E) esophagus, (F) liver, (G) stomach, (H) spleen, (I) gallbladder, (J) small and large intestine, and (K) appendix




  1. Click on Animations and select mouth and throat. Watch the animation and read the information.

  2. Click animations and select Ear. Watch and read.

  3. Click animations and select Fields of Vision. Watch and read.

  4. Click animations and select Heart. Watch and read.

  5. Click animations and select Nasal Passages. Watch and read.

  6. Click animations and select Nerve/Muscle connection. Watch and read.

  7. Answer the questions with your partner.



Questions


  1. Name the parts of the digestive system?

a) mouth b) esophagus c) liver

d) stomach e) large intestine f) small intestine




(www.benet.org/…/WebSites/Human_Anatomy.gif)

2. The eardrum is a fibrous, circular membrane covered with a thin layer of skin. It vibrates in response to changes in air pressure that constitute sound.


(www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=MCH&lic=132….)


3. a) The human heart is about the size of your fist ?
b) According to the animated diagram you saw Draw a star and an arrow indicating where the deoxygenated blood enters the heart and in which direction it travels?

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_chambered_heart)


4. Name the three types of cells involved in Vision Processing?

> simple

> complex

> hypercomplex

5. What are the tiny hairlike cells in the nose responsible for moving?



Waves of Mucus

(www.sinuswars.com/polyps.asp)




  1. a) What is another name for nerves?

> sensory neurons
b) Where in the brain does movement begin? (specific name) > primary cortex
c) What is a “muscle spindle?

> Sensory end organ in a muscle that is sensitive to stretching of the muscle.

The Human Body as a Simulation

The students have currently been studying the anatomy of the human body. This simulation is active because it allows the children to work in groups and look for and locate the different parts of the human body that function in the digestive system. Secondly, it is also active because the students can click on animations and see how different parts of the body work and function. This simulation is cooperative because the students are working together in groups and are asked to locate the different parts of the digestive system. This simulation is constructive (it starts off simple and progresses). At first the students are asked to locate parts of the digestive system using the mouse. Here they are looking and reading. Next the students can activate (under the animation button) different functions of the body to see how different systems work and what they do. This simulation is authentic in that it provides the students with a scaled down version of the human body and its functions. Lastly, the simulation is intentional; it does what it is suppose to. This simulation from the inner body website is great because it provides students who are beginning to learn about the body with both descriptions and animations.

Curriculum Applications

This simulation could be used both for a grade 5 or grade 8 science classroom. In a grade 5 class the students will cover cluster 1- maintaining a healthy body. More specifically this simulation would cover the specific learning outcomes of:



  • 5-1-06 Identify the major components of the digestive system, and describe its role in the human body.

  • 5-1-07 Identify the major components of the skeletal, muscular and nervous systems and describe the role of each system in the human body.

As for grade 8 science it would also be considered cluster 1- cells and systems. The specific learning outcomes may include:

  • 8-1-10 Describe the structural and functional relationships among cells, tissues, organs and systems.

  • 8-1-11 Describe the structure and function of the heart and the path of the blood to and from the heart through it’s four chambers

  • 8-1-14 Describe, using examples how individual systems in the human body function interdependently.

The Human Body


Introduction

Thus far we have been looking at the human body and the various ways that the body systems operate and function. Today you will be doing an on-line assignment with a partner!! It is your job to read the selected sections and carefully take in what is on your screen. After having watched and read the animations you are to answer the attached questions.

Objectives

1. To learn more about the Human Body systems and how they function.

2. To analyze the ways that some of these systems operate.

Procedure



  1. Click on internet explorer

  2. Type in www.innerbody.com

  3. Click Human Anatomy (enter here)

  4. Select the picture of the digestive system body

  5. Use the cursor or mouse to locate the following body parts and click on each one. Read some of the information on each body part.

(A) salivary glands- parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual gland, (B) mouth, (C) teeth, (D) trachea, (E) esophagus, (F) liver, (G) stomach, (H) spleen, (I) gallbladder, (J) small intestine, and (K) appendix.




  1. Click on Animations and select mouth and throat. Watch the animation and carefully read the information. You will be asked questions pertaining to these animations.

  2. Click animations and select Ear. Watch and read.

  3. Click animations and select Fields of Vision. Watch and read.

  4. Click animations and select Heart. Watch and read.

  5. Click animations and select Nasal Passages. Watch and read.

  6. Click animations and select Nerve/Muscle connection. Watch and read.

  7. Answer the questions with your partner.


Questions


  1. Name the parts of the digestive system?

a) b) c)

d) e) f)

(www.benet.org/…/WebSites/Human_Anatomy.gif)

2. The eardrum is a fibrous, circular membrane covered with a thin layer of skin. It vibrates in response to changes in that constitute sound.


(www.kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=MCH&lic=132….)


3. a) The human heart is about the size of your ?
b) According to the animated diagram you saw Draw a star and an arrow indicating where the deoxygenated blood enters the heart and in which direction it travels?

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_chambered_heart)

4. Name the three types of cells involved in Vision Processing?

>

>

>

5. What are the tiny hairlike cells in the nose responsible for moving?

(www.sinuswars.com/polyps.asp)


  1. a) what is another name for nerves?

>
b) Where in the brain does movement begin? (specific name) >
c) What is a “muscle spindle?

>




Erin Clear



Leah Benoit


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