1 Sympathetic



Download 21.5 Kb.
Date30.04.2018
Size21.5 Kb.
EYE

(1) Sympathetic

- lateral horn spinal seg. T1-T3, white communicating ramus to Sympathetic Trunk ascend to Superior Cerv. Ganglion (N124)

- at Sup. Cerv. Ganglion, PRE-Gang. Symp. SYNAPSE with POST-gangl. Symp.

- POST-g. Symp. via Carotid Nerve to Carotid Plexus

- branches from Carotid Plex. to Nasociliary N.

- then to 2 LONG (posterior) CILIARY Nerves that pierce Sclera on either side of optic N. and INNERVATE

DILATOR PUPILLAE

- alt. route: axons leave Nasociliary N. via Sensory Root Ganglion, pass trough ganglion to GLOBE via SHORT
CILIARY Nerves

- lateral horn > symp trunk > sup. cerv. gang. > cartid N >Carotid plex. > Nasociliary n. > 2 Long Cil.>

pierce sclera to CONTRACT DILATOR PUPILLAE

- notes: symp. stimulation CONTRACTS DILATOR PUPILLAE > DILATES the PUPIL

- also innverv. Tarsal (Mueller's Muscle) - see notes 00235

(2) PARA- Sympathetic

- dervived from EDINGER - WESTPHAL nucleus

- Pregang PANS travel with CN III

- leave CN III via Motor Root of Ciliary Gang. (N82)

- enter Ciliary Gang. where they SYNAPSE

- POST-gang. PANS leave via Short Ciliary Nerves which pierce sclera

- travel to Ciliary Body and either....

(1) SYNAPSE upon CILIARY MUSCLE

(2) enter IRIS to SYNAPSE on SPHINCTER PUPILLAE MUSCLE

- note: there is ALSO sensory root to the Ciliary Gang.

- LIGHT REFLEX: Parasymp. stimulation (light shined into eye) CONTACTS pupils (via Sphincter Pupilllae Muscles)

- Accomodation - Convergence Reflex: when object moved towards eyes....

(1) pupils constrict



(2) change of curvature of lens > more rounded shape due to relaxation of suspensory ligaments


Share with your friends:


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2019
send message

    Main page