1. general information about norway 1 A. Geographical, economic, demographic, social and cultural indicators 1



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GENERAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROTECTION AND PROMOTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS




  1. ACCEPTANCE OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS NORMS

    1. Main international human rights conventions and protocols


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratifications (R)

Reservations

Declarations

Acceptance of optional procedures

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1966

R 13/09/1972

Subject to reservations to Article 8, paragraph 1 (d) "to the effect that the current Norwegian practice of referring labour conflicts to the State Wages Board (a permanent tripartite arbitral commission in matters of wages) by Act of Parliament for the particular conflict, shall not be considered incompatible with the right to strike, this right being fully recognised in Norway.”




International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966

R 13/09/1972

Subject to reservations to Article 10, paragraph 2 (b) and paragraph 3 "with regard to the obligation to keep accused juvenile persons and juvenile offenders segregated from adults" and to Article 14, paragraphs 5 and 7 and to Article 20, paragraph 1.
19 September 1995

[The Government of Norway declares that] the entry into force of an amendment to the Criminal Procedure Act, which introduces the right to have a conviction reviewed by a higher court in all cases, the reservation made by the Kingdom of Norway with respect to Article 14, paragraph 5 of the Covenant shall continue to apply only in the following exceptional circumstances:



1. "Riksrett" (Court of Impeachment)

According to Article 86 of the Norwegian Constitution, a special court shall be convened in criminal cases against members of the Government, the Storting (parliament) or the Supreme Court, with no right of appeal.



2. Conviction by an appellate court

In cases where the defendant has been acquitted in the first instance, but convicted by an appellate court, the conviction may not be appealed on grounds of error in the assessment of evidence in relation to the issue of guilt. If the appellate court convicting the defendant is the Supreme Court, the conviction may not be appealed under any circumstances whatsoever.



31 August 1972

"Norway recognises the competence of the Human Rights Committee referred to in Article 28 of the Covenant to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under the Covenant."



Optional Protocol to ICCPR, concerning individual petition, 1966

R 13/09/1972

Subject to the following reservation to Article 5, paragraph 2: "... The Committee shall not have competence to consider a communication from an individual if the same matter has already been examined under other procedures of international investigation or settlement."




Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR, concerning abolition of the death penalty, 1989

R 05/09/1991







International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, (ICERD), 1965

R 06/08/1970




23 January 1976

Norway recognises the competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to receive and consider communications from individuals or groups of individuals within the jurisdiction of Norway in accordance with Article 14, with the reservation that the Committee shall not consider any communication from an individual or group of individuals unless the Committee has ascertained that the same matter is not being examined or has not been examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement.



Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 1979

R 21/05/1981







Optional Protocol to CEDAW, concerning individual complaints and inquiry procedures, 1999

R 05/03/2002







Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), 1984

R 09/07/1986




Norway recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under this Convention.

Norway recognises the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim to be victims of a violation by a State Party of the provisions of the Convention.



Optional Protocol to CAT, concerning regular visits by national and international institutions to places of detention, 2002

R 27/06/2013







Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), 1989

R 08/01/1991







Optional Protocol to the CRC on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000

R 23/09/2003






Optional Protocol to the CRC on the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography, 2000

R 02/10/2001







International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICMW), 1990

In 2002, Norway decided not to become party to the UN Convention on Migrant Rights in 2002, as the wording of the Convention was considered to be so vague and imprecise on a number of points that it would be difficult to clarify the consequences and obligations that ratification would entail. Norway was also concerned that the Convention could undermine existing obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The duplication of existing rights, to some extent with variations, could be unfortunate, since this could lead to ambiguity. Norway has already ratified all the key human rights instruments and the ILO core conventions on workers’ rights. These also apply to foreign nationals resident in Norway. Norway participates actively in the UN and in various international forums where migrants’ rights are on the agenda, for instance the Global Forum on Migration and Development. Norway gives high priority to efforts to improve labour standards, which are also crucial in the context of migrants’ rights.







Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), 2006

R 03/06/2013

Declarations:

Article 12

“Norway recognises that persons with disabilities enjoy legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life. Norway also recognizes its obligations to take appropriate measures to provide access by persons with disabilities to the support they may require in exercising their legal capacity. Furthermore, Norway declares its understanding that the Convention allows for the withdrawal of legal capacity or support in exercising legal capacity, and/or compulsory guardianship, in cases where such measures are necessary, as a last resort and subject to safeguards.”


Articles 14 and 25


“Norway recognises that all persons with disabilities enjoy the right to liberty and security of person, and a right to respect for physical and mental integrity on an equal basis with others. Furthermore, Norway declares its understanding that the Convention allows for compulsory care or treatment of persons, including measures to treat mental illnesses, when circumstances render treatment of this kind necessary as a last resort, and the treatment is subject to legal safeguards.”






International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CED), 2006

S 21/12/2007









  1. Other United Nations human rights and related conventions


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Accession (A)

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 1948

R 22/07/1949

Slavery Convention, 1926 as amended in 1955

R 11/04/1957

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, 1949

A 23/01/1952

Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951, and its 1967 Protocol

R 23/03/1953

Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, 1954

R 19/11/1956

Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, 1961

A 11/08/1971

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1998

R 16/02/2000

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000, and its Protocols against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air, and to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children

R 23/09/2003

Arms Trade Treaty, 2013

S 03/06/2013
  1. Conventions of the International Labour Organization (a selection)


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention, 1921 (No. 14)

R 07/07/1937

Forced or Compulsory Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)

R 01/07/1932

Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81)

R 05/01/1949

Migration for Employment Recommendation, 1949 (No. 86)

R 17/02/1955

Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)

R 04/07/1949

Migration for Employment Convention, 1949 (No. 97)

R 17/02/1955

Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)

R 17/02/1955

Equal Remuneration Convention 1951 (No. 100)

R 24/09/1959

Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

R 30/09/1954

Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)

R 14/04/1958

Weekly Rest (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1957 (No. 106)




Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)

R 24/09/1959

Equality of Treatment (Social Security) Convention, 1962 (No. 118)

R 28/08/1963

Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122)

R 06/06/1966

Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 (No. 129)

R 14/04/1971

Minimum Wage Fixing Convention, 1970 (No. 131)




Holidays with Pay Convention (Revised), 1970 (No. 132)

R 22/06/1973

Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)

R 08/07/1980

Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 (No. 143)

R 24/01/1979

Migrant Workers Recommendation, 1975 (No. 151)




Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 (No. 151)

R 19/03/1980

Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No. 155)

R 22/06/1982

Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No. 156)

R 22/06/1982

Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries Convention, 1989 (No. 169)

R 19/06/1990

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)

R 21/12/2000

Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No. 183)




Maritime Labour Convention, 2006

S 10/2/2009



  1. Conventions of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Convention against Discrimination in Education, 1960

R 08/01/1963



  1. Conventions of the Hague Conference on Private International Law


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Convention relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile, 1955




Convention on the law applicable to maintenance obligations towards children, 1956

S 24/10/1956

Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children, 1958

R 02/09/1965

Convention concerning the powers of authorities and the law applicable in respect of the protection of minors, 1961




Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions, 1965




Convention on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations, 1973




Convention on the Recognition of Divorces and Legal Separations, 1970

R 15/08/1978

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions relating to Maintenance Obligations, 1973

R 12/04/1978

Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, 1980

R 09/01/1989

Convention on Celebration and Recognition of the Validity of Marriages, 1978




Convention on the Law Applicable to Matrimonial Property Regimes, 1978




Convention on International Access to Justice, 1980




Convention on the Law Applicable to Succession to the Estates of Deceased Persons, 1989




Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoption, 1993

R 25/09/1997

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children, 1996




Convention on the International Protection of Adults, 2002






  1. Geneva Conventions and other treaties on international humanitarian law


  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Geneva Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 1949

R 03/08/1951

Geneva Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1949

R 03/08/1951

Geneva Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1949

R 03/08/1951

Geneva Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949

R 03/08/1951

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 1977

R 14/12/1981

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 1977

R 14/12/1981

Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, 1997

R 09/07/1998

Convention on Cluster Munitions 2008

R 03/12/2008


  1. Regional human rights conventions


  1. Conventions of the Council of Europe (a selection)

  1. Ratification status

Convention/ protocol

Signature (S) Ratification (R)

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950 (Norway has also ratified additional Protocols Nos. 1, 4, 6, 7 and 13 to the Convention, and signed additional Protocol No. 12)

R 15/1/1952

European Social Charter (revised) 1996

R 07/05/2001

European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 1987

R 21/4/1989

European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages 1992

R 10/11/1993

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities 1995

R 17/3/1999

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems, 2003

R 29/04/2008

Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, 2005

R 17/01/2008

Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, 2007

S 25/10/2007

Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents, 2009

R 11/09/2009

Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, 2007

S 25/10/2007

Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against woman and domestic violence, 2011

S 07/07/2011


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