1. general information about norway 1 A. Geographical, economic, demographic, social and cultural indicators 1



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  1. Demographic features


  1. The population of Norway is 5 051 275 (1 January 2013). The population of Oslo, the capital and largest city, was 623 966 on 1 January 2013.

Year

Population size (in millions)

Population growth rate (%)

Inhabitants (per km2)

2013

5 051 275

1.0131

17

2012

4 985 870

1.0133

16

2011

4 920 305

1.0128

16

2010

4 858 199

1.0123

16

2009

4 799 252

1.0131

16




  1. The table shows the population in rural and urban areas.2

Year

Population in rural areas (in millions)

Population in urban areas (in millions)

2012

1 011 611

3 957 981

2011

1 007 310

3 899 115

2010

-

-

2009

1 009 435

3 780 068

2008

1 000 943

3 722 786




  1. With regard to the dependency ratio (percentage of population under 15 and over 65 years of age), approximately 27% of the population is below the age of 20, while approximately 22% is above the age of 65. Women comprise about 49.8% of the population while men comprise 50.2%.




2009

2010

2011

2012

2013




Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Total

2 395 053

2 404 199

2 426 752

2 431 447

2 460 849

2 459 456

249 8871

2 486 999

2 535 908

2 515 367

< 15

19.5

18.5

19.4

18.4

19.2

18.3

18.9

18.1

18.7

18.0

65 <

11.7

15.7

11.9

15.7

12.2

15.8

12.4

16.0

12.8

16.2




  1. The table shows the birth rate and mortality.

Year

 


Birth rate

(live births per 1 000 inhabitants)

Mortality

(deaths per 1 000 inhabitants)

2012

11.9

8.3

2011

12.1

8.3

2010

12.5

8.4

2009

12.7

8.5

2008

12.6

8.7




  1. The life expectancy of women is 83.4 years and of men 79.4 years (2012).

Year

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Age

m

w

m

w

m

w

m

w

M

w

0

78.31

82.95

78.60

83.05

78.85

83.15

79.00

83.45

79.15

83.50

1

77.57

82.13

77.89

82.26

78.09

82.35

78.23

82.59

78.37

82.65

2

76.59

81.14

76.92

81.27

77.11

81.39

77.25

81.61

77.39

81.66

3

75.62

80.16

75.93

80.28

76.11

80.39

76.25

80.61

76.40

80.68

4

74.62

79.17

74.94

79.29

75.12

79.40

75.26

79.62

75.41

79.69




  1. Fertility (live births per 1 000 women) is 1.85 (2012).

Year

1991-1995

1996-2000

2001-2005

2006-2012

Age (years)

(live births per 1000 women)

(live births per 1000 women)

(live births per 1000 women)

(live births per 1000 women)

 15–19

15.2

12.4

9.3

8.3

 20–24

82.6

70.6

59.9

58.6

 25–29

137.7

130.9

123.3

123.8

 30–34

100.2

107.8

113.2

124.9

 35–39

37.2

43.5

47

56.3

 40–44

5.6

6.9

7.8

10.1

 45–49

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.5




  1. The average household size (number of persons) was 2.2 in 2013. Families of single parents with children make up 20% of all families (2011) when measured by number of recipients under the extended child benefit scheme. These numbers have been stable over the last years.



  1. The majority of the population is Norwegian and have Norwegian as their native language. Immigrants (593 300) and persons born in Norway of parents who are immigrants (117 100) comprise 14% of the population (2013). In terms of geographical region of origin, 356 143 have a European background, and 65 895 of these have a background from a country outside the EU/EEA. A total of 231 872 persons have a background from Asia, 88 764 from Africa, 21 486 from Latin America and 12 200 from North America and Oceania. The largest groups of immigrants are from Poland, Sweden, Lithuania and Germany. Thirty-three per cent of immigrants and 76% of persons born in Norway of parents who are immigrants have Norwegian nationality (2011).




  1. The official languages in Norway are Norwegian (there are two written versions of Norwegian, bokmål and nynorsk) and Sami (the language of Norway’s indigenous people). Sami and Norwegian are languages of equal status. Sami (North Sami, Lule Sami and South Sami), Kven, Romanes and Romani are recognised as regional or minority languages in Norway and are protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.



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