DRIVER EDUCATION STATE EXAM STUDY GUIDE ANSWER KEY 2012-2013 Chapter 1 pages 4-27
Altering a driver license or showing an altered driver license may result in a loss of motorist driving privilege, a fine of up to $ 1000 and/or 6 months in jail. Page 8
Getting a driver’s license illegally may result in a fine of $200 to $500 and/or imprisonment of 30 to 90 days. Page 8
What are requirements needed to identify yourself in the 6 points of Identification verification programs? Give 1 example of a primary document and 2 examples of a secondary document you need to show after you pass the road test?
Birth certificate, US passport, NJ digital drivers license, social security card, US school photo id with transcript, utility or credit card billpage 13-15
What is the fine $ 100 for a violation while in possession of a GDL permit or license when driving? What is the penalty? Possible suspension of driving privileges page 16
At what age can you get a Special Learner’s permit? 16page17
At what age do most people get their Probationary license? 17page 17
How long 1 year is a driver on a Probationary license? Page 17
What must a 17 year old with a valid permit who has completed the minimum 6 months supervised driving practice pass to obtain a Probationary license? Road testpage17
What is the earliest age 17 can you get an Examination permit? Page 18
At what age 18 do most people get their basic driver license? Page 18
If someone is over 21 years old and applies for a Student learner permit, how many months (3) must they drive with supervision? Page 19
What are the hour driving restrictions on a Special Learner’s Permit, examination permit and Probationary licensed driver under the age of 21? 11:01 pm – 5 ampage 20
For a Special Learners permit or Examination permit the permit holder must be accompanied in the front seat by an adult who is at least 21 years of age who possess a valid NJ license with a minimum of 3 years driving experience and must live in the permit holders household page 20
On a Probationary license, someone under age 21 can have how many people in the vehicle?
Limited to dependents and 1 other person, unless with parent or guardianpage 20 15. Under GDL who must wear seatbelts in the vehicle? Everyonepage 20 16. If the examination permit or probationary license holder is 21 years of age or older, hour and
passenger restrictions do not apply. Page 20
17. All GDL drivers under the age of 21, who possess a permit or probationary license, are required to display 2 visible, red reflective decals, distributed by MVC on any vehicle that they operate. Page 21 Chapter 2 pages 28-35 18. What is the vision requirement 20/50 when applying for a driver’s license? Page 30 19. What 3 documents, you must show at the road test? Valid registration, insurance, permit (32) 20. What is required on your windshield before the road test? Inspection sticker page 32 21. The vehicle that is used for the road test must not have any obstructions or consoles that prevent the examiner from reaching the foot or parking brakes. Page 32 Chapter 3 pages 36-55 22. There is a passenger in the vehicle who is over 18 with no seatbelt on, who is responsible for making sure that their seatbelt is fastened properly? Themselvespage 38 23. In crashes or sudden stops list the 3 jobs of the seatbelts? Keeps passengers from being thrown from vehicle, slows a body down with the vehicle, keeps passengers from sliding on seat during sudden stops or turnspage 38 - 39 24. A child is required to be in a car seat up to age 8 or a weight of 80 pounds must ride in a federally approved safety seat in the rear of vehiclepage 40 25. State law requires requires all motorists to remove snow and ice from a vehicle before driving it, since this can cause injury or property damage. Page 44 26. New Jersey law requires all motorists to restrict vehicle idling to three minutes or less. Page 46 27. Stopping distance depends upon what criteria? Reaction time, weather or road conditions, vehicle weight, brake conditions condition and type of tires, roadway conditions, & speedpage 47 28. Stopping distance on dry surfaces is very important; how long 300 (feet) will it take you to stop on a dry surface going 60 miles an hour. Page 48 29. A common braking mistake with new drivers is? Slamming the brake pedalpage 48 30. How far in advance should you put on your turn signal? 100 feetpage 49 31. Draw and label your 3 appropriate hand signals? Stop Right Leftpage 49
32. While driving in reverse, a motorist’s head and body should be turned to the right until he/she can see clearly through the back window of the vehicle without the use of the mirrors. page 49 33. When parking a vehicle facing downhill, you should turn your wheels towards the curb? page 51 34. When parking a vehicle facing uphill, you should turn your wheels away from the curb? page 51 35.Parallel parking is the most common type of parking on city streets. Page 52 Chapter 4 pages 56-77 36. Exceeding the speed limit is a common contributing factor of fatal and other types of accidents.
37. What is the speed limit in a business/residential area unless otherwise posted? 25 mphpage 58
38. What is the Safe Corridors Law? The Safe Corridors Law doubles fines on various state highways for a variety of driving offenses, including speeding and aggressive driving. Page 59
39. The centerline on the roadway has one solid line and one broken line next to each other, what does this tell you? Passing is allowed only on the side with the broken line page 60
40. Passing on the right is allowed on roads with more than one lane going in the same direction, if vehicles on the roadway are moving in two or more substantially continuous lines or when the motorist ahead is making a left turn and there is room to pass.Page 61 41. You must always keep right except when? Passingpage 61 42. When at an intersection you must always yield the right of way (Give 4 examples) Buses, postal vehicles, vehicle already in intersection, emergency vehicles, any person in a crosswalkpage 61 43. How does a driver manage an uncontrolled intersection (no signs, signals or markings)?
Reduce speed and be ready to stop page 63 44. A motorist must stop for pedestrians in a crosswalk. Failure to stop will result in a fine
of $500.00, up to 25 days in jail, community service, a driving privilege suspension of up
to 6 months and 2 points. Page 63 45. What are extra lanes at highway entrances used to speed up or join the flow of traffic known as? Acceleration page 64 46. What are extra lanes at a highway exit, used to slow down to the posted ramp speed known as? Deceleration page 65 47. If you miss an exit on a highway, what should you do next? Go to the next exit page 65 48. Which direction may your vehicle’s wheels want to go when entering a curve too fast? Straight page 67 49. What is the best way to enter or take (manage) a curve? Slow downpage 67 50. What steps must you follow to make a legal right turn on red? Come to a complete stop; yield to on coming traffic and pedestrians before the turnpage 68 51. What procedure do you follow when you see a RR crossing sign with flashing red lights and a warning devise arm coming down? Stop at least 15 feet awaypage 71 52. YOU MUST stop how many feet from a school bus with flashing red lights? 25 feetpage 72 53. If a school bus is stopped in front of a school, in a loading zone, what are you allowed to do?
Pass from either direction at a speed no more than 10 mphpage 72 54. What should you do when an emergency vehicle is on the way to an emergency
Yield to emergency vehicles when lights and siren are on, steer to the extreme right and stop, let emergency vehicle pass and stay back 300 feetpage 73 55. Explain the “move over” law and the fines that could be given to the motorist? Requires all
motorists approaching a stationary, authorized emergency vehicle, tow truck, highway
maintenance or other emergency service vehicle that is displaying a flashing, blinking or
alternating red, blue, amber or yellow light or, any configuration of lights must change lights,
safety and traffic conditions permitting, into a lane not adjacent to the authorized vehicle. If a lane
change is impossible the motorist must reduce the speed and be prepared to stop if necessary. Fine
not less than $100 and not more than $500. Page 73
56. At what times of the day/night should headlights be used? One half hour after sunset and one half hour before sunrise and when visibility is less than 500 feet.Page 74
57. When it is raining what controls needs to be on, on your vehicle in New Jersey? Wipers and headlightspage 74 58. During what type of driving should you use your high or bright beams? Open country drivingpage 74 59. How far should you park from a crosswalk? 25 feet page 76 60. You cannot park within how many feet of a stop sign? 50 feet page 76 61. How far away from a fire hydrant can you park? 10 feet page 76 62. State law prohibits what regarding cell phones? Also, what type of an offense is this law? using a handheld cellular telephone or texting device is a primary offense. Law enforcement may stop and cite a motorist for these actions. You are permitted to use a hands-free telephone. Page 77
Chapter 5 pages 78-99 63. What is the standard collision prevention formula? Be alert, be prepared, act in time page 80 64. What can you do to avoid highway hypnosis while driving? By not looking at any one thing for more than a few seconds. Rest every 2 hours and share the driving responsibilities with someone else. Page 81 65. What signals should you use to communicate your intentions with other drivers? Hand signals, catch eye, tap horn, quick flip of lights page 82 66. What is the definition of a space cushion or safe distance? Keep space from other vehicles so you have time to react. No tailgating and plenty of space all sides of vehicle page 84 67. Describe how to perform three-second plus rule? Choose a fixed object and count 1001, 1002, 1003, 3 seconds pass before your vehicle passes the object. Page 84 68. What is the three-second plus rule used for? Following distance, space management page 84 69. What should you do when being passed by another vehicle? Stay in proper lane, slow down to make the pass easier page 85 70. When is the road surface the most slippery? First few minutes of rainfall page 85 71. What should you do after driving through a deep puddle of water? Test brakes by pumping them page 85 72. What can happen if you are driving 35 MPH or faster on wet roads? Do not drive on bald or badly worn tires, slow down when there is heavy rain, or standing water is present so you do not hydroplane.page 86 73. A good rule on snow-covered roads is to maintain a following distance of 4 seconds or more. Page 86 74. When driving at night, you should be able to stop within? The range of vehicles headlights page 88 75. In city driving drive more slowly and be more careful about pedestrians walking. Page 89 76. In city driving, it is a good habit to look at least how far ahead? 12 seconds ahead page 90 77. Motorist should be cautious when traveling in ______________ country or in open land ___________ or ____________ may cross the road.
78. What is the first thing you should do when going into a skid? Take foot off gas pedal page 92 79. What should you do to avoid a spin, when your vehicle starts going into a skid? Turn in direction the rear of the vehicle is skidding without over steering, look in direction that you want to go, straighten wheels, avoid using brakes page 92-93 80. What should you do if you run off the road, on to the shoulder of the road and need to return to the paved road surface? Do not try to turn back right away, stay on shoulder and ease up on the gas pedal page 93 81. What two things should you do immediately, if your brakes give out? Shift to lower gear and pump the brake pedal fast and hard several times page 94
82. If a motorist experiences a flat tire or blow out, hold the steering wheel firmly and let the vehicle slow down and remove his/her foot off the gas pedal but do not use the brakes. Page 95
83. If the gas pedal sticks, the motorist should keep his/her eyes on the road while quickly shifting to neutral. Page 95 84. Reporting an accident: New Jersey law requires motorist to notify the police of accidents where there is injury, death or vehicle or property damage. If someone has been killed, do not move the body or permit anyone to move the body until the police or ambulance arrives. When damage to property is more than $500.00 or there is personal injury a motorist must do these 3 things: 1. Send a written report to the MVC within 10 days if no police report is filed. 2. Notify his/her insurance company at once, giving complete information about the accident. 3. If the motorist is shaken up, he/she should see a doctor as soon as possible. Page 98 Chapter 6 pages 100-107 85. What effects does alcohol have on your body after only a few drinks? Impairs reaction time, coordination, and balance, vision and judging distance is affected page 102 86. What is the only thing that can sober a person up? Time page 102 87. For individuals younger than 21, it is illegal to drive with a BAC of? .01 or higher page 102 88. It is illegal for an individual who is 21 or older to drive with a BAC of? .08 or higher page 102 89. When your BAC is slightly above .05%, your risk of an accident? Doubles page 103 90. When your BAC is .10%, your risk of an accident is? 6 times greater page 103 91. When your BAC is .15%, your risk of an accident is? 25 times greater page 103 92. If you refuse to take a breath test it is equal to driving with a BAC of .08 for the first offense. Page 10 93. Explain the “one drink” (using ounces) definition? 5 oz wine, 12 oz beer, 1 ½ oz 80 proof hard alcohol page 103 94. Hosts may become involved in a lawsuit if a person leaves your house drunk and gets into a car accident. page 104 Chapter 7 pages 108-127 95. A person cannot drive for any reason until the period of suspension ends and your license is restored, when you lose your license for a drunk driving arrest. Page 108 96. Explain how the Implied Consent Law works? Motorist on NJ roadways have agreed simply by using NJ roadways, to submit to a breath test given by law enforcement or hospital staff following an arrest for a drinking and driving offense page 115 97. No motorist is allowed to drive a vehicle while having a suspended license. If a motorist is involved in an accident while under a driving suspension that causes harm or injury will result in a fine, continued suspension, and potential 45 day minimum jail time. Page 118 98. Driving privileges will be postponed or suspended to any individual 13 to 21 who is convicted of buying alcohol, driving under the influence, graffiti and/or setting false alarms. Page 120 99. A motorist begins a 2-year probationary driver period after receiving a special learner or examination permit. During the probationary period motorist convicted of 2 or more moving violations totaling 4 or more points must enroll in the Probationary Driver School Program. The fee will cost you $ 100. After the program 3 points will be removed from your driver history record. Page 121 100. Operating a vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol, refusal to take a breath test or having no liability insurance will result in an Insurance surcharge. Page 123 How many points for the following moving violations:
101. Failure to yield to a pedestrian in a crosswalk 2 page 124
102. Operating a motor vehicle on public or private property to avoid a traffic control or sign 2 page 124
103. For improper passing of a school bus. 5 page 126
Chapter 8 pages 128-141 104. When sharing the road with buses and trucks, what should you know? Know limitations of their vehicles regarding visibility, required stopping and maneuverability page 133 105. In bad weather conditions, how long does it take a truck to stop? 25 % longer page 133 106. What are the “no zones” when dealing with large trucks? Avoid the area around trucks where vehicles disappear into blind spots on all sides. Page 134 Chapter 9 pages 142-155 107. Who must you report a lost or stolen license plate(s) to? Local Police page 148 108. If a vehicle is from another state and does not have a valid NJ inspection sticker how many days’ 14 does a person have to get their car inspected when they move to NJ after they have officially registered the vehicle? Page 151 109. If a motorist sells his/her vehicle and does not transfer the plates to another vehicle, he/she should
turn in the old plates at any MVC agency or mail to MVC. Page 148
110. What mandatory insurance must you have when you drive a vehicle? Liability page 153 Chapter 10 pages 156-163 111. How much time do you have to notify MVC of an address change? One week page 158 112. How long do you have to notify the MVC of a name change? Two weeks page 159
Driver Safety pages 200-211 113. What is the order of color on the traffic light? (Top to bottom) Red/yellow/green page 202 114. What is the shape of a stop sign? Octagon page 204 115. Diamond shaped signs are used to indicate what? Warning page 204 116. What is a pentagon shaped sign? School signs page 204 117. What does a triangular sign mean? Yield page 204 118. Orange diamond shaped signs are used to indicate what? Road construction ahead page 204 119. What color and shape is a railroad crossing sign? Round and yellow page 204