一、課程大綱 課程名稱 (英文) Seminar on Science, Technology and the State: Focusing on East Asia (中文)東亞科技與國家專題 中文授課 V



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國立臺灣大學新開課程開授申請表(新開授課程審查用)

一、課程大綱

課程名稱

(英文) Seminar on Science, Technology and the State: Focusing on East Asia

(中文)東亞科技與國家專題



中文授課

V英文授課

授課教師

張國暉

任職單位

國家發展研究所

專兼任

V專任

兼任


職級

教授副教授V助理教授講師

開課系所

國家發展
研究所

課號




學分數

2

修課人數上限

10

每週時數

V演講 2 小時 實驗 小時

課程大綱內容

(含課程概述教學目標每週進度及教學內容簡述




一、課程概述

The study of science and technology policy has been dominated by two approaches. The first treats science as a tool for policy, as summed up by the notion of “science speaking truth to power.” The second focuses on policy designed to shape the organization and conduct of science. This approach has historically looked at government R&D policy. Both approaches have been dominated by realist or ideology-based modes of analysis that understand science and policy as separate spheres, which are brought together and variously corrupted or edified by the encounter. In this course, we will explore approaches to science, technology and politics that avoid sphere-based or linear models. Borrowing from recent work in Science and Technology Studies, we will treat science, technology, political, and international order more broadly as co-productive of each other. Last but not least, we will focus these issues on East Asian countries.

二、教學目標

This course attempts to draw a broad map that reveals some critical relations between science and technology and national development in East Asian countries including Taiwan, China, Japan and South Korea after the World War Two. It should help students equip some more advanced knowledge in theories and specific cases. Moreover, this course will encourage students to develop and explore their research questions about these issues.



三、每週進度及教學內容簡述 (subject to change; likely to arrange two topic talks in the class):

Week 1 Introduction to Science, Technology and the State: Focusing on East Asia.

Week 2-3 Science, Technology and Colonialism

2.1 Alvares, Claude (1988). “Science, Colonialism, and Violence: A Luddite View.” In Science, Hegemony, and Violence: A Requiem for Modernity, Ashis Nandy ed. NY: Oxford University Press. Pp. 68-112.

2.2 Adas, Michael (1989). Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Ch. 3.

3.1 Lo, Ming-Cheng M. (2002). Doctors within Borders: Profession, Ethnicity, and Modernity in Colonial Taiwan. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Ch. 1, 7.

3.2 Akubue, Anthony (2000). “Appropriate Technology for Socioeconomic Development in Third World Countries.” Journal of Technology Studies 26: 33-43.

Suggested:

Foucault, Michel, 1970. The Order of Things: An Archeology of the Human Sciences. NY: Random House.

Marcuse, Herbert, 1964. One-dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. MA: Beacon Press.

Winner, Langdon, 1977. Autonomous Technology: Technics-out-of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought. MA: MIT Press.

Yao, Jen-to (2006). “The Japanese Colonial State and Its form of Knowledge in Taiwan.” In Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule, 1845~1945: History, Culture, Memory, edited by Liao Ping-Hui and David Der-Wei Wang, 37~61. NY: Columbia University Press.



陳光興(2006),《去帝國:亞洲做為方法》。台北:行人。

Week 4-5 Technology Industry and East Asian Economic Development

4.1 Oniz, Ziya (1991). “The Logic of the Development State.” Comparative Politics 24 (1): 109-126.

4.2 Evans, Peter (1995). Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. NJ: Princeton University. Ch. 1 (pp. 3-20) & 3 (pp. 43-73).

5.1 Nakayama, Shigeru (2012). “Techno-nationalism Versus Techno-globalism.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society 6 (1): 9-15.

5.2 Hsieh, Michelle F. (2011), “Similar Opportunities, Different Responses: Explaining Divergent Patterns of Development between Taiwan and South Korea”, International Sociology 26(3): 364-391.

Suggested:

Amsden, Alice H. and Wan-wen Chu. Beyond Late Development: Taiwan's Upgrading Policies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003.

Chen, Liang-Chih (2011),“Technological learning in the process of technological capability building in low and medium technology industries in newly industrializing countries: Selected examples from Taiwan,” in P.L. Robertson and D. Jacobson (Eds.) Knowledge Transfer And Technology Diffusion, Edward Elgar publisher.

Chien, Shiuh-Shen, T. P. Yang and Y. C. Wu (2010). “Taiwan’s Foreign Aid and Technical Assistance in the Marshall Islands.” Asian Survey 50 (6): 1184- 1204.

Greene, J. Megan (2008). The Origins of the Developmental State in Taiwan: Science Policy and the Quest for Modernization. MA: Harvard University Press. Ch. 1.

Lin, Justin Yifu. (2012). New Structural Economics: a Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy. Washington D.C: The World Bank. Ch.: TBA.

Weiss, L. and J. Mathews (1994), “Innovation Alliances in Taiwan: A Coordinated Approach to Developing and Diffusing Technology,” Journal of Industry Studies, vol.1:2, pp. 91-101.

Wu, Yongping (2005), A Political Explanation of Economic Growth: State Survival, Bureaucratic Politics, and Private Enterprises in the Making of Taiwan's Economy, 1950-1985. MA: Harvard University Press. (Selected chapters, TBA)



謝國雄(2012),《港都百工圖:商品拜物教的實踐與逆轉》。台北:中央研究院社會學研究所。

Week 6-7 Science and the State: Exploring Classic Models (Also see Alt. Week 2)

6.1 Block, Fred (2011). “Innovation and the Invisible Hand of Government.” In State of Innovation: the US Governments Role in Technology Development, Fred Block and Matthew R. Keller eds. CO: Paradigm. Pp. 1-26.

6.2 Appelbaum, Richard P. et al. (2011). “China’s (Not So Hidden) Developmental Stat: Becoming a Leading Nanotechnology Innovator in the Twenty-First Century.” In State of Innovation: the US Governments Role in Technology Development, Fred Block and Matthew R. Keller eds. CO: Paradigm. Pp. 217-235.

7.1 Stoke, Donald E. (1997). Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. Ch. TBA

7.2 Price, Don (1965). The Scientific Estate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Ch 1, 5.

Suggested:

Dennis, Michael. "Bushwacked! The Problem of Vannevar Bush and the History of US Science Policy." In States of Knowledge: Science, Power, and Political Culture, Ed. Sheila Jasanoff.

Dupree, A. Hunter. "Science Policy in the United States: The Legacy of John Quincy Adams." Minerva 28 (1990): 259-271.

Bush, Vannevar. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1945.

Kevles, Daniel J. “The National Science Foundation and the Debate over Postwar Research Policy, 1942-1945”. Isis 68 (1977): 5-26.

Kleinman, Daniel Lee. Politics on the Endless Frontier: Postwar Research Policy in the United States. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.

Nishiyama, Takashi (2003). “Cross-Disciplinary Technology Transfer in Trans-World War II Japan: The Japanese High-Speed Bullet Train as a Case Study.” Contemporary Technology Transfer and Society 1: 305-327.

Price, Derek de Solla. Big Science, Little Science. New York: Columbia University press, 1963.

Week 8 Science and the State (1): Rethinking Classic Models on Development

8.1 Liu, Shao-hua (2011). Passage to Manhood: Youth Migration, Heroin, and AIDS in Southwest China. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Ch.: TBA.

8.2 Escobar, Arturo (1995). Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Ch. 2.

Suggested:

Liu, Shao-hua (2011). “A Precarious Rite of Passage in Postreform China: Heroin Use among Nuosu Youths on the Move.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly 25 (3): 395-411.

Sen, Amartya (1999). Development as Freedom. NY: Knopf. Ch. Intro.

Simon, Thomas W. and A. Emerson Wiens (1993). “Narratives of Technology Transfer.” Bulletin of Science, Technology, and Society 13 (2): 63-66.

Week 9 No Class.

Week 10 Science and the State (2): Rethinking Classic Models on Agriculture

10.1 Lo, Kuei-Mei and Hsing-Hsin Chen (2011). “Technological Momentum and the Hegemony of the Green Revolution: A Case Study of an Organic Rice Cooperative in Taiwan.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society 5: 135-172.

10.2 Scott, James C. (1998). Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. CT: Yale University Press. Ch. 8.

Suggested:

Escobar, Arturo. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Ferguson, James (1985). “The Bovine Mystique: Power, Poverty and Livestock in Rural Lesotho.” Man 20 (4): 647-674.

Ferguson, James. The Anti-Politics Machine: 'Development', Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

Week 11 Science, Technology and Identity Politics

Dong-Won Kim and Stuart W. Leslie (1999). “Winning Markets or Winning Nobel Prizes? KAIST and the Challenges of Late Industrialization.” Osiris 13: 154-185.

Na, Hang Ryeol (2012). “Nationalism as a Factor for an International Environmental Regime: Korea and the East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN).” East Asian Science, Technology and Society 6 (1): 83-100.

Suggested:

Carroll, Patrick (2006). Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Hecht, Gabrielle. “Technology, Politics, and National Identity in France.” In Technology of Power: Essays in Honor of Thomas Parke Hughes and Agatha Chipley Hughes, edited by Michael Thad Allen and Gabrielle Hecht, 253-294. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.

Hecht, Gabrielle (1998). The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II. MA: MIT Press.

Moon, Suzanne (2007). “Justice, Geography, and Steel: Technology and National Identity in Indonesian Industrialization.” Osiris 24: 253-277.

Week 12 Policymakers and Experts

Jasanoff, Sheila. The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policymakers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990. Ch 1-3.

Kuo, Wen-Hua. “The Voice on the Bridge: Taiwan’s Regulatory Engagement with Global Pharmaceuticals.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society 3 (2009): 51-72.

Suggested:

Epstein, Steven. "The Construction of Lay Expertise: AIDS Activism and the Forging of Credibility in the Reform of Clinical Trials." Science, Technology, & Human Values 20.4 (1995): 408-437.

Wynne, Brian. "Misunderstood Misunderstanding: Social Identities and Public Uptake of Science." Public Understanding of Science 1.3 (1992): 281-304.

Balogh, Brian. Chain Reaction. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Ch 1, 9.

Collingridge, David and Colin Reeve. Science Speaks to Power: The Role of Experts in Policymaking. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.

Hilgartner, Stephen. Science on Stage: Expert Advice as Public Drama. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Mitchell, Timothy (2002). Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-politics, Modernity. CA: University of California Press.

Week 13 Risk and Uncertainty

Douglas, Mary, and Aaron Wildavsky. Risk and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. pp 1-28.

Wu, Chia-Ling (2012). “IVF Policy and Global/Local Politics: The Making of Multiple-Embryo Transfer Regulation in Taiwan.” Social Science & Medicine 75 (4): 725-732.

Suggested:

Beck, Ulrich. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage Publications, 1992. pp 1-50, 87-102, 153-182.

Cohen, Maurie, Editor, 2000. Risk in the Modern Age: Social Theory, Science and Environmental Decisionmaking. McMillan Press.

Franklin, Jane, Editor, 1998. The Politics of Risk Society. Polity Press.

Hiskes, Richard P. Democracy, Risk, and Community: Technological Hazards and the Evolution of Liberalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Ch 6.

Jobin, Paul、曾育慧(2011),〈白老鼠上法院:從兩例工業污染訴訟案談起〉。《科技、醫療與社會》12:159-204。

Lupton, Debra. 2000. Risk and Sociocultural Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press. Ch 1.

Schwarz, Michiel, and Michael Thompson. Divided We Stand: Redefining Politics, Technology and Social Order. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990. pp 25-38.

Slovic, Paul, 2000. Perception of Risk. Earthscan Publishing.

吳嘉苓、曾嬿芬(2006),〈SARS的風險治理:超越技術模型〉,《台灣社會學》11:57-109。

林宜平(2011),〈死了幾位電子廠女工之後:有機溶劑的健康風險爭議〉。《科技、醫療與社會》12:61-112。

陳政亮,(2011),〈流行病學的政治:RCA流行病學的後設分析〉。《科技、醫療與社會》12:113-158。

Week 14-15 East Asian Nuclear Politics and Policy

14.1 Albright, David and Corey Gay (1998). Taiwan: Nuclear Nightmare Averted. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 54 (1): 54-60.

14.2 Jasanoff, Shiela and Sang-Hyun Kim (2009). “Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea.” Minerva 47: 119-146.

14.3 Kuznick, Peter (2011). Japan’s Nuclear History in Perspective: Eisenhower and Atoms for War and Peace. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 13 April. http://www.thebulletin.org/web-edition/features/


japans-nuclear-history-perspective-eisenhower-and-atoms-war-and-peace

15.1 Takubo, Masa (2011). Nuclear or Not? The Complex and Uncertain Politics of Japan’s Post-Fukushima Energy Policy. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 67(5): 19-26.

15.2 Perrow, Charles (2011). Fukushima and the Inevitability of Accidents. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 67(6): 44-52.

Suggested:

Hecht, Gabrielle (2006). Negotiating Global Nuclearities: Apartheid, Decolonization, and the Cold War in the Making of the IAEA. In Global Power Knowledge: Science, Technology, and International Affairs, Osiris, 21, edited by John Krige and Kai-Henrik Barth, pp. 28-48.

DiMoia, John (2010). Atoms for Sale? Cold War Institution-Building and the South Korean Atomic Energy Project, 1945-1965. Technology and Culture 51: 589-618.

Edwards, Paul N. and Gabrielle Hecht (2010). “History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa.” Journal of Southern African Studies 36 (3): 619-639.

Hecht, Gabrielle (2002). Rupture-Talk in the Nuclear Age: Conjugating Colonial Power in Africa. Social Studies of Science 32 (5/6): 691-727.

Perrow, Charles (1999). Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies. NJ: Prince University Press.

Schneider, Mycle, Antony Froggatt and Steve Thomas (2011). 2010-2011 World Nuclear Industry Status Report. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 67(4): 60-77.



張國暉(2013),〈重新檢視冷戰的觀點「技術政治」(Technopolitics):兼初探福島核災後的東亞核能應用〉,《科技、醫療與社會》16103-160

Week 16 Jan. 1. No Class.

Week 17 Presentation.

Week 18 No Class.

Alternative Week 1 (week 7) History of Science and Technology Policy in Taiwan and China

Greene, J. Megan (2008). The Origins of the Developmental State in Taiwan: Science Policy and the Quest for Modernization. MA: Harvard University Press. Ch. 1.

Andreas, Joel (2009). Rise of the Red Engineers: The Cultural Revolution and the Origins of Chinas New Class. CA: Stanford University Press. Ch. 1-3, 10, 11.

楊翠華(2003),〈臺灣科技政策的先導:吳大猷與科導會〉。《臺灣史研究》10(2):67-110。



吳泉源(2002),〈技術與技術研究在台灣:艾傑頓(David Edgerton)教授來訪的一些省思〉。《當代》17664-73

Suggested:



王振寰(2010),《追趕的極限:台灣的經濟轉型與創新》。台北:巨流。

陳東升(2008),《積體網絡:臺灣高科技產業的社會學分析》。台北:群學。

董建宏(2007),〈台灣高鐵通車與台灣社會對現代化之渴望〉。《當代》23986-99

林崇熙(2001),〈沈默的技術:嘉南平原上的拼裝車〉,《科技、醫療與社會》1:1-42。



張國暉(2013),〈國族渴望的巨靈:台灣科技官僚治理的中國脈絡〉,《國家發展研究》12 (2)73-132

Alternative Week 2 (week 7) Rethinking Science and the State: Technocracy

Ezrahi, Yaron. The Descent of Icarus: Science and the Transformation of Contemporary Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990. Ch 2.

Jasanoff, Sheila. States of Knowledge: Science, Power, and Political Culture. New York: Routledge, 2005. Ch. 1-2.

Suggested:

Jasanoff, Sheila. Designs on Nature: Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States. NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Gottweis, Herbert. Governing Molecules: The Discursive Politics of Genetic Engineering in Europe and the United States. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1998. Pp 1-76.

Thorpe, Charles. “Disciplining Experts: Scientific Authority and Liberal Democracy in the Oppenheimer Case.” Social Studies of Science, 32/4 (August 2002): 525–562.



張國暉(2012),〈科學、技術與自由民主政治秩序的演變:近代美國政治體制的科學意識型態與現實政治〉,《政治及社會哲學評論》42153-205

Final Paper Due: TBA.

指定閱讀及

延伸閱讀


Required Texts:

Ref. each week readings.



Recommended Texts:

Ref. each week readings. Also see:

Gottweis, Herbert. Governing Molecules: The Discursive Politics of Genetic Engineering in Europe and the United States (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998).

Jasanoff, Sheila. The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policymakers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994).

Jasanoff, Sheila. Science at the Bar: Law, Science, and Technology in America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Ulrich Beck, Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity (London: Sage Publications, 1992).

Yaron Ezrahi, The Descent of Icarus: Science and the Transformation of Contemporary Democracy (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990).


成績評量方式與標準

(請說明各項評量項目內容設計、比例及標準)



- Active class participation, including consistent attendance, completing readings in sufficient time to reflect on the week’s topics, speaking during class, and engaging the ideas of other students and the instructor. Active participation includes occasional responses to other’s reviews. (30%)

- Four 1-2 page reviews of recommended or related reading. Provide a short, critical review of one article or book (1-2 chapters) that we did not discuss in class, but has direct relevance for the week’s material. Due one week after the topic is discussed. (20%)

- Lead one week’s discussion. This is NOT a presentation. Instead, you should endeavor to spur conversation and participation with appropriate challenges, questions, or activities. (10%)

- 1 final research paper. This paper should engage with the ideas and material discussed in class. Drafts of your final paper will be shared among and critiqued by your peer group. (40%)



本課程對學生課後學習之要求




最近三年評鑑值(申請新開之課程如在近三年內曾教授類似課程者請填寫)

課程名稱:__無___

第____學年度第____學期:______;第____學年度第____學期:______;

第____學年度第____學期:______;第____學年度第____學期:______;

第____學年度第____學期:______;第____學年度第____學期:______。



二、授課教師申請課程之相關著作或近五年(2008-2013)所發表之學術性著作目錄

-- “Technological Construction as Identity Formation: Constructing Taiwan’s High Speed Rail during the 1990s State Transformation”, under review (SCI/SSCI).

--〈捷運木柵線:國家轉型與大型科技系統的共構〉,under review(TSSCI)。

2014 〈在國家與專業之間的工程師:從法國及日本高鐵的設計看起〉,《科技/社會/人 2:跨領域新挑戰》,林文源等編,頁145-157。新竹:國立交通大學。

2013 〈國族渴望的巨靈:台灣科技官僚治理的中國脈絡〉,《國家發展研究》12 (2):73-132。

2013 〈高鐵的創新關鍵〉484,《科學發展》:26-32。

2013 〈當核能系統轉變為科技政體:冷戰下的國際政治與核能發展〉,《科技、醫療與社會》16,即將出版。(TSSCI/THCI Core)

2012 〈科學、技術與自由民主政治秩序的演變:近代美國政治體制的科學意識型態與現實政治〉,《政治及社會哲學評論》42:153-205。(TSSCI)

2011 〈追尋主體性的工程設計:威權政治轉型下的台灣高鐵土木設計〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》85:157-200。(TSSCI)

2011 〈對技術的社會建構論(SCOT)之挑戰:建構東亞技術研究主體性的一個契機〉,《科技、醫療與社會》13:171-222。(TSSCI/THCI Core)

2009 〈從工程實作到經濟發展:台灣高鐵工程師的生涯及歷史背景〉,《經濟前瞻》122:91-96。

2008 〈技術官僚、高速鐵路及臺灣社會:科技與社會的互相型塑〉,《經濟前瞻》121:97-100。



(請依數量自行增減編號)





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